Prediction of emergency situations in ground surface constructions of slimmers
Keywords:sludge dump, hydrodynamic accident, probability, retaining structure, sludge, coefficient of proportionality, stability criterion, normal retaining level
Purpose. Proportionality coefficients kpr for different types of dams are obtained, which allow taking into account the presence of surfactants in the liquid during the filtration calculations. The purpose of the work is to refine the indicators that allow an objective assessment of the risk of emergencies on the retaining structures of the slurry storage facilities of the Republic of Belarus.
Methods. The data of field and experimental studies of the author and the results of their statistical processing, as well as theoretical studies on the development of indicators of the stability of structures are used in the work.
Findings. As a result of the research, scenarios for the development of possible emergency situations at the hydraulic structures of the slurry storage facilities of the Republic of Belarus were established, and a risk calculation for each of the reasons given for the occurrence of hydrodynamic accidents on this type of structures was performed.
Application field of research. The developed methodical approaches to assessing the risk of territories can be used for other risky processes of a technogenic nature. Cоnclusions. The results of the assessment of the risk of emergencies in the sludge dumps of Belarus, taking into account the updated data, are of practical importance for the determination of management decisions and technical measures to prevent the occurrence of hydrodynamic accidents in this type of facilities and minimize their consequences.
Otsenka ekologicheskikh riskov v regione osvoeniya Starobinskogo mestorozhdeniya kaliynykh soley, available at: http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CBwQFjAA&ur (accessed: March 13, 2010). (rus)
Kozhevnikov N.N. Proektirovanie i stroitel'stvo zemlyanykh plotin. Moscow: Izdatel'skie resheniya, 2016. 26 p. (rus)
Kozlitin A.M., Popov A.I., Kozlitin P.A. Teoreticheskie osnovy i praktika analiza tekhnogennykh riskov. Veroyatnostnye metody kolichestvennoy otsenki opasnostey tekhnosfery. Saratov: SGTU, 2002. 180 p. (rus)
Kozlitin A.M., Popov A.I., Bogush B.B., Kozlitin P.A. Matematicheskie modeli i metody kolichestvennoy otsenki ekologicheskogo i integrirovannogo riska avariy gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy. Ustoychivoe ekologicheskoe razvitie: regional'nye aspekty. Saratov: SGTU, 2001. 34–62 p. (rus)
Kozlov K.A., Maksimov M.M., Porfir'ev B.N., Shnyparkov A.L. Parametrizatsiya opasnykh prirodnykh protsessov i yavleniy dlya gorodov i transportnykh kommunikatsiy [Parametrization of dangerous natural processes and phenomena for cities and transport communications]. Problemy bezopasnosti pri chrezvychaynykh situatsiyakh. 1998. Iss. 4. Pp. 37–45. (rus)
Germenchuk M.G. Klimat Respubliki Belarus' v 2015 godu. Minsk, 2016. 32 p. (rus)
Levkevich V.E., Mikanovich D.S., Kasperov G.I., Pastukhov S.M., Buzuk A.V., Kukshinov M.V., Kobyak V.V. Results of laboratory studies filtration sandy soils to assess the safe operation of the waterworks sludge storage tanks. Vestnik Komandno-inzhenernogo instituta MChS Respubliki Belarus', 2015. No. 2 (22). Pp.73–78. (rus)
Jung H.G., Himmelsbach T. Hydrogeochemical Groundwater Monitoring in Mailuu-Suu, Kyrgyz Republic. Final Report of Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR). Hannover, 2008. 81 p.
Robinson P. Gornoe delo – zabota obshchaya. Magadan: Nauka, 2005. 173 p. (rus)
Typical project act of legislation on the safety of hydraulic structures: annex to the resolution of the Interparliamentary Assembly of the Eurasian Economic Community, 04.04.2018, No. 9–10. Konsul'tant Plyus, Belarus. OOO «YurSpektr», Nats. tsentr pravovoy inform. Resp. Belarus'. Minsk, 2018 (rus)
Soils, methods for laboratory determination of granulometric (grain) and micro aggregate composition: GOST12536-79. Affirmed 12.06.1979. Moscow: Gostandart, 1979. 39 p.(rus)
Gidrotekhnicheskie sooruzheniya. Stroitel'nye normy proektirovaniya: TKP 45–3.04–169–2009. Affirmed 30.12.09. Minsk: Ministerstvo arkhitektury i stroitel'stva Respubliki Belarus', 2010. 45 p.
Abstract views: 171 PDF Downloads: 134
How to Cite
LicenseCopyright (c) 2018 Mikanovich D.S.
CC «Attribution-NonCommercial» («Атрибуция — Некоммерческое использование») 4.0