Analytical review of heat and mass transfer models in protective clothing
Keywords:special protective clothing for firefighters, metabolism, thermal conductivity coefficient, heat flow, heat and mass transfer
Purpose. Review the models for determining the thermophysical and physiological indicators of the state of a person in protective clothing by modeling heat and mass transfer systems.
Methods. Analysis of approaches to the determination of heat and mass transfer in protective clothing by reviewing scientific works in the area under study.
Findings. The analysis of methods for determining the thermophysical and physiological indicators of the state of a person in protective clothing by modeling heat and mass transfer systems is carried out, the necessary conditions for obtaining test data and comparison with calculation data are determined.
Application field of research. The results of the research can be used in the development, research and optimization of methods for determining the thermophysical and physiological indicators of the human condition in protective clothing of firefighters by modeling heat and mass transfer systems.
Gibson P.W. Governing equations for multiphase heat and mass transfer in hygroscopic porous media with applications to clothing materials: Technical report Natick. USA. 1994. 60 p. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/216777883_Multiphase_Heat_and_Mass_Transfer_Through_Hygroscopic_Porous_Media_with_Applications_to_Clothing_MaterialsFinal_Report_Jan_1994-_Mar_1996.
Woodcock A.H. Moisture Transfer in Textile Systems, Part I. Textile Research Journal, 1962. Vol. 1, Iss. 32. Pp. 628–633. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1177/004051756203200802.
Wu Y.S., Fan J. Measuring the thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of sleeping bags using a supine sweating fabric manikin, Measurement Science and Technology, 2009. Vol. 20, No. 9. Pp. 95–108. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1088/0957-0233/20/9/095108.
Song G. Modeling thermal protection outfits for fire exposures: Ph.D. thesis. Raleigh, 2004. 209 p. URI: http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/resolver/1840.16/5766.
Torvi D. A. Heat transfer in thin fibrous material under high heat flux conditions: Ph.D. thesis. Edmonton, 1997. 277 p. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.7939/R3M03Z33Z.
Mandal S., Song G., Ackerman M., Paskaluk S., Gholamreza F. Characterization of textile fabrics under various thermal exposures. Textile Research Journal, 2013. Vol. 83, No. 10. Pp. 1005–1019. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1177/0040517512461707.
Mell W.E., Lawson J.R. A Heat Transfer Model for Firefighters Protective Clothing. Fire Technology, 1999. Vol. 36, No. 1. Pp. 39–68. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015429820426.
Lee Y.M., Barker R.L. Effect of Moisture on the Thermal Protective Performance of Heat-Resistant Fabrics. Journal of Fire Sciences, 1986. Vol. 4, No. 5. Pp. 315–331. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1177/073490418600400502.
Ghazy A., Bergstrom D.J. Numerical Simulation of Heat Transfer in Firefighters' Protective Clothing with Multiple Air Gaps during Flash Fire Exposure. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 2012. Vol. 61. Iss. 8., Pp. 569-593. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1080/10407782.2012.666932.
Ogniewicz Y., Tien C.L. Analysis of condensation in porous insulation. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 1981. Vol. 24, No. 3. Pp. 421–429. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1016/0017-9310(81)90049-1.
Farnworth B. A Numerical Model of the Combined Diffusion of Heat and Water Vapor Through Clothing. Textile Research Journal, 1986. Vol. 56, No. 11. Pp. 653–665. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1177/004051758605601101.
Li Y., Holcombe B. Mathematical simulation of heat and moisture transfer in a human–clothing–environment system. Textile Research Journal, 1998. Vol. 68, No. 6. Pp. 389–397. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1177/004051759806800601.
Gagge A.P., Stolwĳk J.A. J., Nishi Y. An effective temperature scale based on a simple model of human physiological regulatory response. Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, 1971. Pp. 21–36. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/37901.
Fan J., Chen Y.S. Measurement of clothing thermal insulation and moisture vapour resistance using a novel perspiring fabric thermal manikin. Measurement Science and Technology, 2002. Vol. 13, No. 7. Pp. 1115– 1123. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1088/0957-0233/13/7/320.
Gibson P.W., Charmchi M. Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer Through Hygroscopic Porous Materials-Application to Clothing Layers. University of Massachusetts Lowell, 1997. Vol. 53, No. 5. Pp. 183–194. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.2115/fiber.53.5_183.
Torvi D.A., Dale J.D. Effects of variations in thermal properties on the performance of flame resistant fabrics for flash fires. Textile Research Journal, 1998. Vol. 68, Iss. 11. Pp. 787–796. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1177/004051759806801102.
Torvi D.A., Eng P., Threlfall T.G. Heat Transfer Model of Flame Resistant Fabrics During Cooling After Exposure to Fire. Fire Technology, 2006. Vol. 42, Iss. 1. Pp. 27–48. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1007/S10694-005-3733-8.
Parsons K.C. Human Thermal Environments: the Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance. London: Taylor & Francis. 2003. 560 p.
Cherunova I. V. Teoreticheskie osnovy kompleksnogo proektirovaniya spetsial'noy teplozashchitnoy odezhdy [Theoretical bases of complex design of special heat-protective clothing]: PhD tech. sci. diss. Synopsis: 05.19.04, Shakhty, 2008. 41 p. (rus)
Pennes H.H. Analysis of tissue and arterial blood temperature in the resting human forearm. Journal of Applied Physiology, 1948. Vol. 1, No. 2. Pp. 93–122. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1152/jappl.19126.96.36.199.
Fanger P.O. Calculation of thermal comfort: Introduction of a basic equation. ASHRAE Transactions, 1967. Vol. 73. Pp. 4.1–4.16.
Machle W, Hatch T.F. Heat: Man's exchange and physiological responses. Physiological Reviews. 1947. Vol. 27. Pp. 200–227. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1152/PHYSREV.19188.8.131.52.
Wissler E.H. Steady-state temperature distribution in man. Journal of Applied Physiology. 1961. Vol. 16. Pp. 734–740. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1152/JAPPL.19184.108.40.2064.
Gordon R.G., Roemer R.B., Horvarth S.M. A mathematical model of the human temperature regulatory system – transient cold exposure response. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 1976. Vol. 23, No. 6. Pp. 434–444. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1109/TBME.1976.324601.
Dmitrakovich N.M. Osnovy proektirovaniya i obespechenie kachestva spetsial'noy zashchitnoy odezhdy pozharnykh [Fundamentals of design and quality assurance of special protective clothing for firefighters]. Journal of Civil Protection, 2018. Vol. 2, No. 3. Pp. 367–375. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2018.2-3.367.
Zhuk D.V., Dmitrakovich N.M. Razrabotka metodiki ispytaniy paketov materialov odezhdy spetsial'noy zashchitnoy pozharnykh s uchetom posloynogo kontrolya temperatury pri nagrevanii [Development of a methodology for testing packages of materials for special protective clothing for firefighters, taking into account layer-by-layer temperature control during heating]. Journal of Civil Protection, 2020. Vol. 4, No. 2. Pp. 176–185. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2020.4-2.176.
Abstract views: 27 PDF Downloads: 18
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Dmitrakovich N.M., Zhuk D.V.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.