Improving the system of emergency monitoring and predicting

Authors

  • Nikolay I. Murashko Joint Institute of Mechanical Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus; ul. Akademicheskaya, 12, Minsk, 220072, Belarus
  • Aleksey V. Andreenko Republican Center for Emergency Management and Response of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Ierusalimskaya, 4, Minsk, 220004, Belarus
  • Viktor M. Stankevich State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2019.3-1.90

Keywords:

emergency situation, emergency monitoring and predicting system, remote sensing of the Earth, space monitoring, air monitoring

Abstract

Purpose. The present state of the National system of environment monitoring of the Republic of Belarus is analyzed.

Methods. The distinctive features of the functioning technical means (space and aircraft) of monitoring are considered, their merits and demerits are described.

Findings. Possibilities of the new multi-channel gyro- stabilized aviation complex of remote tracking ASC «Spektr» created by the United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Science of the Republic of Belarus are considered.

Application field of research. It is found out that ASC «Spektr» is able to obtain high-resolution raster images of the area in the given spectral range (visible, infrared, and thermal included), which can be used for evaluation of aftermaths of wild land fires, estimation of flooded areas, location of pollution spills on water bodies, search of lost people and other applied problems.

Conclusions. Directions for improvement of the system of natural and man-made emergency monitoring and predicting in the Republic of Belarus are mentioned.

Author Biographies

Nikolay I. Murashko, Joint Institute of Mechanical Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus; ul. Akademicheskaya, 12, Minsk, 220072, Belarus

Head of Laboratory; PhD in Technical Sciences

Aleksey V. Andreenko, Republican Center for Emergency Management and Response of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Ierusalimskaya, 4, Minsk, 220004, Belarus

Chief Specialist

Viktor M. Stankevich, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus

Gomel Branch, Chair of Organization of Activity of Emergency Services and Units, Head of Chair; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

References

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Ekzar'yan V.N. Geoekologiya i okhrana okruzhayushchey sredy [Geoecology and Environment protection]. Moscow: Ekologiya, 1997. 172 p. (rus)

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Emergency Monitoring and Prediction Department. Republican Center of Emergency Management and Response of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus, available at: http://erc.mchs.gov.by/struktura-rtsurchs/otdel-monitoringa-i-prognozirovaniya-chs/ (accessed: October 30, 2018). (rus)

Andreenko A.V., Murashko N.I., Romanovich K.A. Obnaruzhenie posledstviy chrezvychaynykh situatsiy po dannym aviatsionnogo monitoringa [Detecting the Consequences of Emergencies on the Basis of Space Monitoring]. Proc. VII Belorusskogo kosmicheskogo kongressa Minsk, October 24–26, 2017. United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Minsk, 2017. Vol. 2. Pp. 99–102. (rus)

Murashko N.I., Ivanov A.A., Andreenko A.V. Sistema obrabotki dannykh aerokosmicheskogo monitoringa [System of Aerospace Monitoring Data Processing]. Proc. Intern. scientific-metodological conf. «BIG DATA Advanced Analytics»,Minsk, May 3–4, 2018. Ed. by: М. Batura et al. Minsk: BSUIR, 2018. Рp. 278–282. (rus)

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Published

2019-02-25

How to Cite

Murashko Н., Andreenko А. and Stankevich В. (2019) “Improving the system of emergency monitoring and predicting”, Journal of Civil Protection, 3(1), pp. 90–96. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2019.3-1.90.