The current status of regulatory control (supervision) over nuclear and radiation safety at the site of the Belarusian NPP

Authors

  • Maksim V. Mazurenko Department for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Bersona, 16, Minsk, 220030, Belarus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-3.353

Keywords:

nuclear and radiation safety, state supervision, the Belarusian NPP, results of supervisory activities, development of supervision taking into account international approaches

Abstract

Purpose. The article is devoted to the analysis of the current status of the state supervision over nuclear and radiation safety of the first Belarusian nuclear power plant.

Methods. Legal framework presented in legal acts of the Republic of Belarus was analyzed.

Findings. It is stated, that one of the task of state supervision (control) over nuclear and radiation safety of such licensee as Belarusian nuclear power plant - is the verification of licensee`s activity compliance with regulatory requirements. On the other hand, the results of the regulator`s activity make it possible to form and to provide to the stakeholders an independent assessment of the safety status of the NPP, thereby affecting its safety. The existing system of supervisory activities in general is effective for the timely identification of shortcomings that could potentially have a significant impact on the level of nuclear and radiation safety at the operational stage of the Belarusian NPP. At the same time, the subsequent stages of the plant construction require that the activity on the supervisory system of the regulatory body improving should be continued.

Conclusions. Directions of improvement activity regarding oversight practice should take into account the specifics of the activities at the different stages of Belarusian NPP construction as well as their basis should lie in the framework of the Gosatomnadzor`s mission, stated in relevant strategic documents.

Author Biography

Maksim V. Mazurenko, Department for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Bersona, 16, Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Head of Department

References

Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus of February 16, 2015 No.62 «On Provision of Safety during the Construction of the Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant».

Law of the Republic of Belarus of 30.07.2008 No.426-3 (revised on 22.12.2011) «On Nuclear Energy Use».

Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of 25.02.2015 No. 133 «On Approving Regulations on Organization and Implementation of Control (Supervision) over Safety Assurance during the Construction and Commissioning of the Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant».

Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of 30.12.2011 No. 1791 «On Creation of a Working Team to Coordinate Supervision of the Belarusian NPP Construction headed by the First Deputy Minister of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus».

Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of December 31, 2008, No. 2056 «On Some Issues of Implementing State Supervision in the Field of Industrial Safety, Nuclear and Radiation Safety».

Decree of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of January 24, 2011 No. 4 «On Granting Officials of the Department for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus with Authorities to Draw Up Administrative Offence Protocols and Finalizing Initiation of Administrative Proceedings».

Decree of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of December 31, No. 293 «On approval of the Instruction on the procedure for the forming and maintenance by the Department for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of the General files on issuing control (supervision) over safety during the construction and commissioning of the Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant».

TCP 170-2009 (02300) «General provisions of safety of nuclear power plants (GPS NPP)», approved by the Order of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of February 17, 2009 No. 14.

Order of the Chief of Department for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of 25.04.2015 No. 15-OD «On approving the Instruction «On the procedure of the control (supervision) over the manufacture, installation and setup of the equipment of nuclear facilities».

Order of the Chief of Department for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of 23.09.2016 No. 45 «On approving the instruction on organization, procedure and registration of audit results in constant control (supervision) mode performed by the Department of Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus in the course of construction and commissioning of the Belarusian Nuclear Power Plant».

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Order of the Chief of Department for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of 07.10.2016 No. 50 «On approval of the passports of the processes of the integrated management system of Gosatomnadzor».

GAN’s Control Strategy on 2015-2018 and up to 2020.

Review report of IAEA`s IRRS mission IAEA-NS-IRRS-2016/08, IAEA, available at: http://gosatomnadzor.gov.by/phocadownload/dokladi_i_obzori/IRRS%20report.pdf.

Safety Guide № GS-G-1.3. «Regulatory Inspection of Nuclear Facilities and Enforcement by the Regulatory Body», IAREA, available at: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1253r_ web.pdf.

General safety requirements № GSR Part 2 «Leadership and management for safety», IAEA, available at: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/Pub1750web.pdf.

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Published

2017-08-14

How to Cite

Mazurenko М. (2017) “The current status of regulatory control (supervision) over nuclear and radiation safety at the site of the Belarusian NPP”, Journal of Civil Protection, 1(3), pp. 353–360. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-3.353.