Particularities of the organization of informing and notification of the population in case of emergencies

Authors

  • Anton V. Asanin Civil Defense Academy of EMERCOM of Russia; Moskovskaya obl., mkrn. Novogorsk, Khimki, 141435, Russia
  • Anton I. Askhadeev National Crisis Management Centre of EMERCOM of Russia; ul. Vatutina, 1, Moscow, 141435, Russia
  • Sergey N. Fofanov National Crisis Management Centre of EMERCOM of Russia; ul. Vatutina, 1, Moscow, 141435, Russia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2018.2-2.231

Keywords:

public information system, informing the population, protection of the population, information systems

Abstract

Purpose. The article describes the basic principles of the organization of information and notification of the population, as well as the issues of ensuring the safety of the population in various emergency situations. The information is given about the existing warning systems in the Russian Federation, their tasks and principles of construction.

Methods. Analysis of existing normative legal base regulating issues of the organization of informing and warning of the population about emergencies of a different nature, a comparative characteristic of procedure and main contents of activities performed during the notification and informing of the population, and the estimation of their fundamental differences. Finings. The increasing significance of protection of the population from various dangers and threats arising in emergency situations of different nature has been demonstrated. Special attention was paid to the modern experience of EMERCOM of Russia to improve the legal framework in the field of informing and notification of the public. The main features and differences in the organization of information and notification of the population were considered.

Application field of research. The main theoretical provisions given in the article form the basis of the guidance documents and local acts developed in the EMERCOM of Russia, aimed at improving the quality of organization and efficiency of implementation of measures to inform and notify the population about emergency situations.

Conclusions. The article can be used as reference and methodical materials for the heads of public authorities and bodies of local self-government concerning the organization of informing and the notification of the population.

Author Biographies

Anton V. Asanin, Civil Defense Academy of EMERCOM of Russia; Moskovskaya obl., mkrn. Novogorsk, Khimki, 141435, Russia

Department information and communication technologies and communication systems, Head of Chair; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Anton I. Askhadeev, National Crisis Management Centre of EMERCOM of Russia; ul. Vatutina, 1, Moscow, 141435, Russia

Public Warning Department, Deputy Head of Department

Sergey N. Fofanov, National Crisis Management Centre of EMERCOM of Russia; ul. Vatutina, 1, Moscow, 141435, Russia

Public Warning Department, Head of Department

References

On protection of population and territories from emergency situations of natural and technogenic character: Federal law of 21.12.1994 No. 68-FZ (ed. from 23.06.2016). Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii. 1994. No. 35. Art. 3648. (rus)

On civil defence: Federal law No. 28-FZ of 12.02.1998 (as amended on 30.12.2015). Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii. 1998. No. 7. Art. 799. (rus)

Оn communication: Federal law of 07.07.2003 No. 126-FZ (ed. of 07.06.2017). Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii. 2003. No. 28. Art. 2895. (rus)

On the creation of a comprehensive emergency warning system: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 13.11.2012 No. 1522. Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii. 2012. No. 47. Art. 6454. (rus)

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The concept of creating a comprehensive system of informing and alerting the population in case of threat and emergency situations, adopted by the Protocol of the meeting of the Government Commission on prevention and elimination of emergency situations and fire safety of 18.06.2013 No. 4, available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_157081/ (accessed: March 14, 2018) (rus)

Civil defense. Ed. by V.A. Puchkov. Russian emergencies Ministry. Moscow: FGBU VNII GOCHS (FC), 2017. 377 p. (rus)

Papkov S.V. and etc. Terms and definitions context of the EMERCOM of Russia: textbook. Civil defence Academy of EMERCOM of Russia, Department of information and communication technologies and communication systems. Khimki: AGZ of EMERCOM of Russia, 2012. 237 p. (rus)

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Published

2018-05-01

How to Cite

Asanin А., Askhadeev А. and Fofanov С. (2018) “Particularities of the organization of informing and notification of the population in case of emergencies”, Journal of Civil Protection, 2(2), pp. 231–242. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2018.2-2.231.