Methods of possibility andadaptation of engineering constructions for population sheltering in case of an emergency

Authors

  • Evgeniy A. Beznosik State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus
  • Aleksey P. Eremin State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-1.87

Keywords:

engineering construction, construction of twofold purpose, civil defense, emergency, population sheltering

Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of the research is the elaboration of recommendations for determining possibility of adaptation of engineering constructions for population sheltering in case of an emergency. In the course of the research was determined the main criteria and requirements for the choice and decision of an engineering construction, the activities in its adaptation as the construction of twofold purpose and the necessary protective qualities. The object of the research is underground constructions in some settlements and the subject of the research is their adaptation for population sheltering in case of an emergency.

Methods. The methods of observation, comparison, analysis, synthesis, modeling, expert evaluation have been used.

Findings. The criteria of possibility of adaptation of engineering constructions for population sheltering in case of an emergency are determined. Applications field of research. The introduced method makes it possible to increase the use of city underground engineering constructions for increasing of shelter and refuge amount in case of population protection from various emergencies.

Conclusions. The results of the research allow realizing more effective protective measures in the course of town planning and building activities by means of cost reduction for shelter for population in case of an emergency.

Author Biographies

Evgeniy A. Beznosik, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus

Cadet

Aleksey P. Eremin, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus

Chair of Civil Protection, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

References

Zashchitnye sooruzheniya grazhdanskoy oborony. Normy proektirovaniya. [Protective construction for civil defense. Design norms] TKP 45-3.02-231-2011, introduced 17.05.2011. Minsk: MChS, Minstroyarkhitektury, 2011. 125 p. (rus)

Inzhenerno-tekhnicheskie meropriyatiya grazhdanskoy oborony. [Engineering and technical measures for civil defense] TKP 112-2011, introduced 22.12.11. Minsk: MChS, 2011. 27 p. (rus)

Tekhnicheskaya ekspluatatsiya zhilykh i obshchestvennykh zdaniy i sooruzheniy. Poryadok provedeniya. [Technical operation in residential and public buildings and constructions. The order of realisation] TKP 45-1.04-14-2005, introduced 10.10.2005. Minsk: Minstroyarkhitektury, 2006. 40 p. (rus)

Zdaniya i sooruzheniya. Tekhnicheskoe sostoyanie i obsluzhivanie stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy i inzhenernykh sistem i otsenka ikh prigodnosti k ekspluatatsii. Osnovnye trebovaniya. [Buildings and constructions. Technical state and maintenance of building constructions and engineering systems, and the evaluation of their suitability for exploitation] TKP 45-1.04-208-2010, introduced 15.07.2010. Minsk: Minstroyarkhitektury, 2011. 23 p. (rus)

Vzryvobezopasnost' khimicheskikh proizvodstv i ob"ektov. Obshchie trebovaniya. [Explosion safety of chemical productions and objects. General requirements] TKP 506-2013, introduced 23.11.2013. Minsk: MChS, 2013. 87 p. (rus)

Metodika prognozirovaniya masshtabov zarazheniya sil'nodeystvuyushchimi yadovitymi veshchestvami pri avariyakh (razrusheniyakh) na khimicheski opasnykh ob"ektakh i transporte [Methods of forecasting of large scale contamination by strong poisonous substances in result of the accidents (destructions) at chemically hazardous objects and transports]: RD 52.04.253–90, introduced 01.07.90. Leningrad : Gidrometeoizdat, 1991. 23 p. (rus)

Stroitel'naya klimotologiya. SNB 2.04.02-2000, introduced 7.12.2000. Minsk: Minstroyarkhitektury 2001. 40 p. (rus)

Downloads


Abstract views: 152
PDF Downloads: 121

Published

2017-02-17

How to Cite

Beznosik Е. and Eremin А. (2017) “Methods of possibility andadaptation of engineering constructions for population sheltering in case of an emergency”, Journal of Civil Protection, 1(1), pp. 87–93. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-1.87.