Coronavirus pandemic: facts of the spread and evolution of a dangerous infection and technology of confrontation

Authors

  • Matvey V. Sprindzhuk State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9500-2954
  • Vasili I. Bernik State Scientific Institution «Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 11 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8096-1079
  • Balt Batgerel Institute of Mathematics and Digital Technology of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences; 13330, Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Bayanzurkh District, Peace av., 54B https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6322-275X
  • Alexander S. Vladyko The Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology; 220114, Belarus, Minsk, Filimonova str., 23 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6927-5043
  • Leonid P. Titov The Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology; 220114, Belarus, Minsk, Filimonova str., 23 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4524-3730
  • Alena M. Skrahina State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1460-0272
  • Alexander E. Skryahin State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157
  • Natalya V. Yatskevich State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8691-1849
  • Andrei P. Konchits State Scientific Institution «Forest Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 246050, Belarus, Gomel, Proletarskaya str., 71 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8823-0630
  • Dzmitry A. Klimuk State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0222-5583
  • Nikolai I. Kalosha State Scientific Institution «Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 11 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5266-9900
  • Alexey S. Kudin State Scientific Institution «Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 11 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2059-4470
  • Tatsiana N. Glinskaya State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5891-5989
  • Varvara V. Solodovnikova State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1655-4000

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-4.466

Keywords:

coronavirus, pandemic, bioinformatics, medical systems, genomics, especially dangerous infections, mathematical modeling, immunoinformatics, medical drones, forecasting, antiviral therapy

Abstract

Purpose. To study interdisciplinary and describe briefly the key issues of epidemiology, etiology of coronavirus infection, concomitant infections (in particular, tuberculosis and HIV infection), as well as the use of an arsenal of medical cybernetics, bioinformatics and other related physical, mathematical and technical sciences for solving problems in the field of epidemiology, modeling and monitoring of the disease, medical prevention and treatment of patients.

Methods. The analysis of research publications from bibliographic databases such as Google scholar (https://scholar.google.ru), EBSCO (https://www.ebsco.com), CyberLeninka (https://cyberleninka.ru), PubMed (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), IEEE explore (https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/home.jsp), BioRxiv (https: //www.biorxiv.org)

Findings. Modern data on the etiology and epidemiology of the new coronavirus infection are highlighted. The possibilities of using modern methods of bioinformatics and artificial intelligence, mathematical modeling and forecasting in this subject area are presented. Selected aspects of the use of immunoinformatics and the development of effective and safe vaccines, the real possibilities of using medical drones to combat COVID-19 are shown.

Application field of research. The material of the article can be used as a helpful source of information for scientists, workers in medical, biological, biotechnological and related specialties, as well as in the educational process implemented by institutions of higher education and additional education of specialists. The article will also be of interest to a wide range of readers.

Author Biographies

Matvey V. Sprindzhuk, State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6

Laboratory of Mathematical Cybernetics, Senior Researcher; PhD in Technical Sciences

Vasili I. Bernik, State Scientific Institution «Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 11

Department of Number Theory, Chief Researcher; Grand PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor

Balt Batgerel, Institute of Mathematics and Digital Technology of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences; 13330, Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Bayanzurkh District, Peace av., 54B

Scientific Secretary; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor

Alexander S. Vladyko, The Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology; 220114, Belarus, Minsk, Filimonova str., 23

Laboratory of Biotechnology and Immunodiagnostics of Especially Dangerous Infections, Chief Researcher; Grand PhD in Medical Sciences, Professor

Leonid P. Titov, The Republican Research and Practical Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology; 220114, Belarus, Minsk, Filimonova str., 23

Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, Head of Laboratory; Grand PhD in Medical Sciences, Professor, Correspondent Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

Alena M. Skrahina, State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157

Deputy Director for Science; Grand PhD in Medical Sciences, Associate Professor

Alexander E. Skryahin, State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157

Phthisiologist, Anesthesiologist-resuscitator; PhD in Medical Sciences, Associate Professor

Natalya V. Yatskevich, State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157

Leading Researcher; PhD in Medical Sciences, Associate Professor

Andrei P. Konchits, State Scientific Institution «Forest Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 246050, Belarus, Gomel, Proletarskaya str., 71

Forest Tree Breeding and Seed Production Laboratory, Leading Researcher; PhD in Biological Sciences

Dzmitry A. Klimuk, State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157

Department of Phthisiopulmonological Monitoring and Evaluation, Head of Department

Nikolai I. Kalosha, State Scientific Institution «Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 11

Department of Number Theory, Senior Researcher; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences

Alexey S. Kudin, State Scientific Institution «Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 11

Department of Number Theory, Senior Researcher; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences

Tatsiana N. Glinskaya, State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157

Scientific Secretary; PhD in Medical Sciences, Associate Professor

Varvara V. Solodovnikova, State Institution «Republic Scientific and Practical Centre of Pulmonology and Tuberculosis»; 220053, Belarus, Minsk, Dolginovsky tract, 157

Department of Laboratory Diagnostics and Treatment of Tuberculosis, Senior Researcher

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2021-11-22

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Sprindzhuk М. В., Bernik В. И., Batgerel Б., Vladyko А. С., Titov Л. П., Skrahina Е. М., Skryahin А. Е., Yatskevich Н. В., Konchits А. П., Klimuk Д. А., Kalosha Н. И., Kudin А. С., Glinskaya Т. Н. and Solodovnikova В. В. (2021) “Coronavirus pandemic: facts of the spread and evolution of a dangerous infection and technology of confrontation”, Journal of Civil Protection, 5(4), pp. 466–496. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-4.466.

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