Fire protection service of Belarus in the interwar period and at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War

Authors

  • Vitaliy A. Khrokolov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6577-4061

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-4.514

Keywords:

fire protection, fire, firefighting equipment, firefighting, paramilitary fire protection, state fire control, war

Abstract

Purpose. Analysis of the state of the fire brigade in the interwar period and at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War.

Methods. General scientific research methods: analysis and synthesis, comparison and generalization.

Findings. The stages of development of fire protection in the period 1917–1941 were specified, measures taken by the country's leadership to increase the efficiency of fire protection in the interwar period were specified, the actions of fire protection in the initial stage of the Great Patriotic War on the territory of the BSSR were considered.

Application field of research. The results can be used in the course of training specialists in the field of protection against emergencies, as well as to familiarize with the activities of the fire brigade in the period of 1917–1941.

Author Biography

Vitaliy A. Khrokolov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Emergency Management, Senior Lecturer

References

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Teternik A.V., Yakovchuk V.I. Stranitsy istorii pozharnoy sluzhby Belarusi [Pages of the History of the Fire Service of Belarus]. Minsk: Tekhnologіya, 2013. 192 p. (rus)

Senchuk O.L. Stanovleniye i evolyutsiya pozharnogo dela v 20 gody XX veka v RSFSR [Formation and evolution of fire fighting in the 20 of the XX century in the RSFSR]. Izvestiya of Altai State University, 2009. No. 4-1 (64). Pp. 189–193. Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/stanovlenie-i-evolyutsiya-pozharnogo-dela-v-20-e-gg-xx-v-na-territorii-rsfsr (accessed: April 11, 2021) (rus)

Nazin V.V. Istoriya pozharnoy okhrany Rossii [History of the fire protection of Russia]. SPb., 2003. (rus)

Cheltsov B.F. Zarozhdeniye i razvitiye protivovozdushnoy oborony strany [The origin and development of the country's air defense]. Military History Journal, 2004. No. 12. Pp. 18–27. available at: http://8oapvo.net/images/photos/articles/literatura/publicistika/chelcov-zarozhdenie-i-razvitie-pvo-strany/chelcov-vij-2004-12.pdf (accessed: April 08, 2021). (rus)

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Published

2021-11-22

How to Cite

Khrokolov В. А. (2021) “Fire protection service of Belarus in the interwar period and at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War”, Journal of Civil Protection, 5(4), pp. 514–522. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-4.514.