Experimental studies of the parameters of flow movement along a dry riverbed under high-altitude conditions at a hydrodynamic accident

Authors

  • Marina Yu. Striganova State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8100-733X
  • Igor M. Shatalov Belarusian National Technical University; 220013, Belarus, Minsk, Nezavisimosti ave., 65 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5348-5318
  • Maria K. Shcherbakova Belarusian National Technical University; 220013, Belarus, Minsk, Nezavisimosti ave., 65 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8864-0517
  • Nikolay N. Bandolik State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3364-9389
  • Alexey A. Gudkov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25
  • Darya S. Komzolova Belarusian National Technical University; 220013, Belarus, Minsk, Nezavisimosti ave., 65

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2022.6-2.219

Keywords:

displacement wave, flow velocity, wave height, gate, flow depth

Abstract

Purpose. To experimentally investigate the nature of movement and parameters of non-stationary water flows in the lower reaches along a dry riverbed formed when the integrity is violated or the dam breaks under high-altitude conditions.

Methods. Hydraulic calculations, experimental studies, video surveillance.

Findings. A model of the hydraulic structure under consideration and a methodology for conducting the experiment have been developed. The nature of the moving flow during a hydrodynamic accident at a high-altitude dam is revealed. The height of the displacement wave in the design sections when the water flow moves along a sloping dry riverbed was determined experimentally.

Application field of research. The obtained results can be used to predict the consequences of a possible hydrodynamic accident, which is necessary for the development of measures of population evacuation, elimination of the flooding consequences, and assessment of possible damage.

Author Biographies

Marina Yu. Striganova, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Igor M. Shatalov, Belarusian National Technical University; 220013, Belarus, Minsk, Nezavisimosti ave., 65

Chair of Hydrotechnical and Power Engineering, Senior Lecturer

Maria K. Shcherbakova, Belarusian National Technical University; 220013, Belarus, Minsk, Nezavisimosti ave., 65

Chair of Hydrotechnical and Power Engineering, Water Transport and Hydraulics, Senior Lecturer

Nikolay N. Bandolik, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Senior Lecturer

Alexey A. Gudkov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Technosphere Safety Faculty, cadet

Darya S. Komzolova, Belarusian National Technical University; 220013, Belarus, Minsk, Nezavisimosti ave., 65

Faculty of Energy Construction, student

References

Striganova M.Yu., Samedov S.A. Aspekty teoreticheskikh i eksperimental'nykh issledovaniy dvizheniya vodnykh potokov pri proryve plotin [Aspects of theoretical and experimental researches of the movement of water flows during a break of dams]. Journal of Civil Protection, 2018. Vol. 2, No. 4. Pp. 493–500. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2018.2-4.493. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/YPMHSP.

Bonch-Osmolovskaya N.E., Zayats A.M., Ivashechkin V.V., Karpenchuk I.V., Kachanov I.V., Kozlov D.A., Kondratovich A.N., Kuz'menkov V.I., Ledyan Yu.P., Nedbal'skiy V.N., Shatalov I.M., Shul'pin I.A., Yukhnovets V.N. Mekhanika zhidkosti i gaza. Laboratornyy praktikum [Fluid and gas mechanics. Laboratory workshop]: tutorial. Minsk: BNTU, 2007. 298 p. (rus)

Striganova M.Yu., Shatalov I.M., Samedov S.A., Nedashkovskaya I.V., Rabchenya V.S. Matematicheskaya model' prostranstvenno izmenyayushchegosya neustanovivshegosya dvizheniya potoka pri proryve napornykh gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy v usloviyakh vysokogor'ya [Mathematical model of a spatially variable unstable flow motion at the breakthrough of hydrotechnical structures under the conditions of highland]. Journal of Civil Protection, 2020. Vol. 4, No. 1. Pp. 48–58. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2020.4-1.48. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/KGXUEV.

Striganova M.Yu., Shatalov I.M., Samedov S.A., Shcherbakova M.K., Nedashkovskaya I.V., Rabchenya V.S. Ob integrirovanii differentsial'nykh uravneniy neustanovivshegosya postepenno izmenyayushchegosya dvizheniya potoka v otkrytom rusle v usloviyakh vysokogor'ya pri proryve plotiny [On the integration of differential equations of unsteady gradually changing flow in an open channel in highland conditions when a dam breaks]. Journal of Civil Protection, 2020. Vol. 4, No. 3. Pp. 328–334. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2020.4-3.328. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/BBHHOW.

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Published

2022-05-25

How to Cite

Striganova М. Ю., Shatalov И. М., Shcherbakova М. К., Bandolik Н. Н., Gudkov А. А. and Komzolova Д. С. (2022) “Experimental studies of the parameters of flow movement along a dry riverbed under high-altitude conditions at a hydrodynamic accident”, Journal of Civil Protection, 6(2), pp. 219–227. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2022.6-2.219.

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