Frequency electrohydraulic disintegrator of reinforced concrete for the Ministry of emergency situations and the industry

Authors

  • Vikentiy V. Tarkovskiy Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus
  • Aleksandr E. Vasilevich Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus
  • Aleksandr S. Balykin Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus
  • Andrey V. Levanovich Grodno regional management of Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Dzerzhinskogo 15, Grodno, 230005, Belarus
  • Sergey M. Filipovich Grodno regional management of Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Dzerzhinskogo 15, Grodno, 230005, Belarus
  • Ernest I. Sakovich Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-3.314

Keywords:

Yutkin electrohydraulic effect, disintegrator, reinforced concrete, recycling, frequency mode

Abstract

Purpose. The work is devoted to the creation of a frequency electrohydraulic disintegrator of reinforced concrete objects.

Methods. The electrohydraulic effect of Yutkin created in result of electric discharge in the liquid environment powerful shock waves which destroy reinforced concrete objects is used.

Findings. The frequency electrohydraulic disintegrator of reinforced concrete objects is developed. Weight reduction (to 150-200 kg) and increase in power is reached by use, in particular, of condensers of new generation with the increased specific power consumption (more than 1000 J/dm³), and also use for power supply of the capacitor store of powerful small-sized sources of a direct current of new generation.

Application field of research. The disintegrator is intended for use in the divisions of the Ministry of Emergency Situations at destruction of concrete objects and their utilization, and also for the solution of a number of tasks of the industry (cleanings of castings of forming mix; restoration of filters of water wells; cleanings of pipes of stratifications; search of the place of damage of an underground cable; splitting of granite; installations of piles on RIT technology and a set of other applications).

Conclusions. The conducted researches have shown correctness of the principles underlaining in constructional solutions of a frequency electrohydraulic disintegrator. The received results allow designing the powerful device intended for destruction of reinforced concrete objects when carrying out rescue efforts and also solutions of a number of tasks of the industry. The offered technology has ecological purity, profitability; it is safe for people and allows solving a wide range of tasks in real sector of economy.

Author Biographies

Vikentiy V. Tarkovskiy, Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus

Faculty of Physics and Technology, Deputy Dean; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

Aleksandr E. Vasilevich, Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Associate Professor; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

Aleksandr S. Balykin, Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus

Research Division, Researcher

Andrey V. Levanovich, Grodno regional management of Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Dzerzhinskogo 15, Grodno, 230005, Belarus

Scientific and Practical Center, Head

Sergey M. Filipovich, Grodno regional management of Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Dzerzhinskogo 15, Grodno, 230005, Belarus

Scientific and Practical Center, Researcher

Ernest I. Sakovich, Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno; ul. Ozheshko, 22, Grodno, 230023, Belarus

Scientific and Practical Center, Leading Researcher

References

Levanovich A.V., Rybachok A.I., Filipovich S.M., Tarkovskiy V.V., Balykin A.S., Yanichkin V.V. Elektrogidravlicheskie tekhnologii dlya MChS [Electrohydraulic technologies for the Ministry of Emergency Situations]. Chrezvychaynye situatsii: obrazovanie i nauka. 2012. Vol. 7, No. 1. Pp. 39-44. (rus)

Tarkovskiy V.V., Vasilevich A.E., Levanovich A.V., Sakovich E.I., Filipovich S.M., Balykin A.S., Stakheyko P.N. Elektrogidravlicheskoe ustroystvo povyshennoy moshchnosti dlya raskalyvaniya ob"ektov iz betona i gornykh porod pri provedenii spasatel'nykh rabot [The electrohydraulic device of the increased power for splitting of objects from concrete and rocks when carrying out rescue efforts]. Chrezvychaynye situatsii: obrazovanie i nauka. 2015. Vol. 10, No. 1. Pp. 101-107. (rus)

Tarkovskij V.V., Vasilevich A.E., Balykin A.S., Stakheyko P.N., Levanovich A.V., Sakovich E.I., Filipovich S.M., Skripko A.N. Moshchnoe, kompaktnoe elektrogidravlicheskoe ustroystvo dlya raskalyvaniya ob"ektov iz betona i gornykh porod pri provedenii spasatel'nykh rabo [The powerful, compact electrohydraulic device for splitting of objects from concrete and rocks when carrying out rescue works]. BiTP Bezpieczeсstwo i Technika Poїarnicza. 2015. Vol. 40 Issue 4. Pp. 91-105. (rus)

Buguslavskiy L.Z., Struk Ja.P., Diordiychuk V.V., Ovchinnikova L.E. Generator impul'sov toka energiey 120 kDzh s chetyrekhkanal'nym vyvodom dlya mobil'nykh elektroimpul'snykh ustanovok [The generator of current pulses with the energy of 120 kJ with a four channel output for mobile electropulse installations]. Vіsnik NTU «KhPІ». 2013. No. 27. Pp. 27-32. (rus)

Yutkin L.A. Elektrogidravlicheskiy effekt i ego primenenie v promyshlennosti [Electrohydraulic effect and its application in industry]. Leningrфв: Mashinostroenie, Leningr. otd-nie, 1986. 253 p. (rus)

Vakulenko V.M., Ivanov L.P. Istochniki pitaniya lazerov [Power supplies of lasers]. Moscow: Sov. Radio, 1980. 104 p. (rus)

Lisovskiy L.P., Chel'nyy A.A. Sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya lazernoy tekhnologii [Сurrent state and perspectives of development of laser technologies]. Fizika i khimiya obrabotki materialov. 1967. No. 4. Pp. 34-39. (rus)

Bloki pitaniya lazernykh tekhnologicheskikh ustanovok [Power supply units of laser technological machines]. Elektronnaya promyshlennost'. 1967. No. 1. Pp. 68. (rus)

Vakulenko V.M. and oth. Monoimpul'snyy OKG s kaskadnymi umnozhitelyami i perestraivaemym preobrazovatelem chastoty [Monopulse OKG with cascade multipliers and the reconstructed frequency converter]. PTE. 1971. No. 5. Pp. 197-200. (rus)

Vakulenko V.M. and oth. Ustanovka «Kvant-9» dlya sverleniya otverstiy [The installation «Kvant-9» for drilling holes]. Kvantovaya elektronika. 1973. No. 2. Pp. 99–102. (rus)

Vakulenko V.M. Zaryadnaya tsep' emkostnogo nakopiteli s udvoeniem napryazheniya [A charging chain of capacitor storage device with doubling of tension]. PTE. 1970. No. 5. Pp. 110-112. (rus)

BelyavtsevV.A., Vakulenko V.M., Ivanov L.P., Myznikov V.P. A.S. 379956 (SSSR). Ustroystvo dlya zaryadki nakopitel'nykh kondensatorov [A.S. 379956 (USSR). The device for charging accumulative kondensatorov]. publ. in BI, 1973, No. 20. (rus)

Downloads


Abstract views: 81
PDF Downloads: 106

Published

2017-08-14

How to Cite

Tarkovskiy В., Vasilevich А., Balykin А., Levanovich А., Filipovich С. М. and Sakovich Э. (2017) “Frequency electrohydraulic disintegrator of reinforced concrete for the Ministry of emergency situations and the industry”, Journal of Civil Protection, 1(3), pp. 314–322. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-3.314.