Development of methods for operational forecasts heat load on rescuers in fire fighting of burning resevoirs with oil products
Keywords:burning of oil products, reservoir, heat load on rescuer, ray energy
Purpose. The purpose of research is to develop the foundations of methods of operational forecasting the influence of external factors that determine the thermal load on the rescuers, for selecting anti thermal means to extinguish the burning tanks with oil.
Methods. Theoretical substantiation of dependence for operative estimation the radiant heat flow, and the expression for calculation of safe zones of conducting emergency works near the burning of oil products reservoirs.
Findings. It is received further development of the mechanism of heat load on the rescuer, including outside heat path from the source of burning and from the Sun, and inside (the heat dissipation of the body, regenerative work of respiratory system). It is established, that for external heat load are prevalent ray energy flows, and the other, as a rule, derivative of them. Geometrical dimensions of reservoirs for the storage of oil products predetermine the amount of energy radiated by fire. The dependence for operative estimation of the radiant heat flow, and the formula for calculation of safe zones of conducting emergency works near the burning of oil products reservoirs is substantiated.
Application field of research. Safe zone of conducting emergency works can be applied previously on the oil storage tanks plans, indicated in the operational documents. It is advisable to pre-label it in the terrain that essentially will protect personnel of the working parts of emergency services, especially arriving in accordance with the disposition.
Lyn A.S. Analiz problem stvorennja ta vyprobuvannja termozahysnyh vlastyvostej odjagu pozhezhnykiv [Analysis of problems creating and testing antitermal properties clothing firefighters]. Pozhezhna bezpeka: Zb. nauk. pr. Lviv, 2004. No 5. Pp. 139-143. (ukr)
Bolybruh B.V., Hmel' M. Development and Verification of a Mathematical Model Dealing with Thermal Protective Garments for Different Types of Tests. TECHNIQUE AND TECHNOLOGY, BiTP, Vol. 38 Issue 2, 2015, Pp. 53-61. (rus)
Popovskij D.V., Ohlomenko V.Ju. Boevaja odezhda i snarjazhenie pozharnogo [Fighting clothing and equipment firefighter]. Metod. posobie pod obshhej red. V.A. Gracheva. Akademija GPS MChS Rossii, Мoscow: 2004. 86 p. (rus)
Interstate Standard 53264-2009 Special'naja zashhitnaja odezhda pozharnogo. Obshhie tehnicheskie trebovanija. Metody ispytanij [Special protective clothing firefighter. General technical requirements. Methods of testing]. (rus)
Interstate Standard ISO 11612-2014 Sistema standartov bezopasnosti truda. Odezhda dlja zashhity ot tepla i plameni. Obshhie trebovanija i jekspluatacionnye harakteristiki [Occupational safety standards system. Clothes for protection against heat and flame. General requirements and characteristics]. (rus)
Textiles for protection. Edited by Richard A. Scott, Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press LLC. 2005. (eng)
Kostenko V.K. Shljahy udoskonalennja zasobiv protyteplovogo zahystu rjatuval'nykiv [Ways to improve thermal protection means for rescuers] Visti Donec'kogo girnychogo instytutu. Pokrovs'k, 2015. No 2. Pp. 50-57. (ukr)
Elagin G.I., Shkarabura M.G., Kryshtal' M.A., Tishhenko O.M. Osnovy teorii' rozvytku ta prypynennja gorinnja [Basic theory of progress and stopping of burning]. Akademija pozhezhnoi' bezpeky im. Geroi'v Chornobylja. Cherkasy: 2013. 460 p. (ukr)
Blinov V.I., Hudyakov G.N. Diffuzionnoe gorenie zhidkostey [Diffusion combustion of liquids] Moskow: Publishing house Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1961, 207p. (rus)
Abstract views: 213 PDF Downloads: 25
How to Cite
LicenseCopyright (c) 2017 Kostenko T.V., Kostenko V.K.
CC «Attribution-NonCommercial» («Атрибуция — Некоммерческое использование») 4.0