Semi-empirical model of calculating the parameters of the actual zone of contamination when setting up water curtains

Authors

  • Gennadiy V. Kotov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7364-4403
  • Sergey P. Fisenko A.V. Luikov heat and mass transfer institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, ul. P. Brovki, 15 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5935-0628

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2020.4-4.424

Keywords:

hazardous chemical substance, spillage, contamination zone, water curtain, semi-empirical calculation model

Abstract

Purpose. The development of a semi-empirical model of calculating the effect of water curtains on the propagation of hazardous chemical vapors with wind flow from a local source of release (spillage).

Methods. Laboratory studies of the absorption of gaseous impurities by moving water drops. Field tests to determine the parameters of the actual contamination zone in the conditions of ammonia and chlorine spills with free spread of impurities and in the conditions of setting up water curtains. Fuller's method. Galerkin's method. Method of straight lines. Mathematical modeling. Three-dimensional solution of the turbulent diffusion equation. Inter- and extrapolation estimates. Semi-empirical calculations using the results of laboratory research, field tests and mathematical modeling.

Findings. The absorption capacity and transmittance index of water curtains created with the use of a hose spray are calculated in case of the propagation of ammonia and chlorine with a wind flow from the source of emission (spillage). A formula is proposed for calculating the numerical density of the impurity taking into account the transmittance index and fractional impurities not absorbed by the water curtain. The boundaries of the actual contamination zone were determined with the free spread of ammonia and chlorine from the surface of the strait and under the conditions of setting up water curtains. A method is proposed for calculating the depth of the actual contamination zone using the curtain transmittance. A semi-empirical model has been developed for calculating the effect of water curtains on the propagation of hazardous chemical vapors with a wind flow from a local source of release (spillage).

Application field of research. Prediction of the parameters of the actual contamination zone during the release (spillage) of a hazardous chemical during the rescue operations.

Author Biographies

Gennadiy V. Kotov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25

Chair of Combustion and Explosion Processes, Associate Professor; PhD in Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor

Sergey P. Fisenko, A.V. Luikov heat and mass transfer institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, ul. P. Brovki, 15

Transfer Theory Laboratory, Chief Researcher; Grand PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences

References

Kuznetsov K.M., Galeev A.D., Ponikarov S.I. Vliyanie vodyanoy zavesy na posledstviya zalpovogo vybrosa ammiaka [Influence of a water curtain on the consequences of a bulk emission of ammonia]. Vestnik tekhnologicheskogo universiteta, 2015. Vol. 18, No. 8. Pp. 224–227. (rus)

Abramovich G.N. [et al.] Teoriya turbulentnykh struy [The theory of turbulent jets]. 2-nd ed. Mos-cow: Nauka, 1984. 716 p. (rus)

Kotov G.V., Fisenko S.P., Eremin A.P. Izuchenie vliyaniya vodyanykh zaves na rasprostranenie am-miachno-vozdushnogo oblaka pri vozniknovenii chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Study of the effect of water curtains on the spread of an ammonia-air cloud in case of emergency]. Proc. V Intern. scien-tific-practical conf. «Obrabotka informatsii i upravlenie v chrezvychaynykh i ekstremal'nykh situ-atsiyakh», Minsk, October 24–26, 2006. Joint Institute for Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Minsk, 2006. Vol. 1. Pp. 68–71. (rus)

Kraynov V.P. Kachestvennye metody v fizicheskoy kinetike i gidrogazodinamike [Qualitative methods in physical kinetics and fluid dynamics]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1989. 224 p. (rus)

Kotov G.V. Chrezvychaynye situatsii s vybrosom (prolivom) opasnykh khimicheskikh veshchestv: ispol'zovanie zaves pri likvidatsii posledstviy [Emergency situations with the release (spillage) of haz-ardous chemicals: the use of curtains in the elimination of consequences]: monograph. – Minsk: In-stitute for Command Engineers of the MES of the Republic of Belarus, 2015. 232 p. (rus)

Fisenko S.P., Brin A.A., Petruchik A.I. Evaporative cooling of water in a mechanical draft cooling tower. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2004. Vol. 47, No. 1. Pp. 165–177.

Reid R.C., Prausnitz J.M., Poling B.E. The properties of gases and liquids. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1987. 741 p.

Fletcher K. Chislennye metody na osnove metoda Galerkina [Numerical methods based on the Ga-lerkin method]. Moscow: Mir, 1988. 352 p. (rus)

Kotov G.V., Fisenko S.P. Modelirovanie rasprostraneniya oblaka primesi pod deystviem vetra v prizemnom sloe [Modeling of impurity cloud propagation under the action of wind in the ground layer]. J. Eng. Ph. end Thermophys, 2011. Vol. 84, No. 3. Pp. 579‒584. (rus)

Verzhbitskiy V.M. Osnovy chislennykh metodov [Basics Numerical Method]: tutorial. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 2002. 840 p. (rus)

Downloads


Abstract views: 78
PDF Downloads: 64

Published

2020-11-20

How to Cite

Kotov, G. V. and Fisenko, S. P. (2020) “Semi-empirical model of calculating the parameters of the actual zone of contamination when setting up water curtains”, Journal of Civil Protection, 4(4), pp. 424–432. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2020.4-4.424.