Adaptation of the conditions of cadets' educational activities in accordance with the peculiarities of professional functions of extinguishing fires

Authors

  • Alexey V. Ermilov Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 153040, Russia, Ivanovo, Stroiteley ave., 33 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0157-7712
  • Sergey N. Nikishov Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 153040, Russia, Ivanovo, Stroiteley ave., 33 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1845-5009
  • Maxim O. Bakanov Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 153040, Russia, Ivanovo, Stroiteley ave., 33 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5427-8767

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2022.6-3.361

Keywords:

cadet, educational activity, professional activity, professional environment, professional training, situational task, destructive events, personality development

Abstract

Purpose. The educational process of the educational organization of higher education of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia is obliged to bring the educational activities of cadets as close as possible to professional duties at the fire site, taking into account the preservation of the life and health of the student, as well as the requirements of the regulatory framework of the Russian Federation. This aspect determines the need to highlight the components that will underlie the educational activities of cadets at the practice base facilities, as well as the development of scenarios for the visualization of professional activities in the environment of special software.

Methods. As research methods, an analysis of special literature, professional activities of an employee of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia at the call site, as well as components of the professional environment were used.

Findings. The requirements for the organization of educational activities of cadets for professional purposes are identified: professional training, determined by the operational actions of an employee of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in accordance with the content of the stages of combat operations to extinguish a fire; organization of the educational process in an environment as close as possible to the real one; implementation of educational activities in strict accordance with the requirements of regulatory legal acts of the EMERCOM of Russia. Based on the requirements, a model of a situational task has been developed. The sequence of problem solving by cadets is divided into twelve stages. Each stage reflects the operational actions of cadets to extinguish a fire, taking into account the requirements of the regulatory legal acts of the EMERCOM of Russia.

Application field of research. The situational task model can underlie the modeling of professional activity in educational places, representing the model of the object of the economy in real size, as well as the scenario of special computer software. The stages of solving the problem make it possible to assess the level of professional readiness of cadets in order to timely correct the educational process.

Author Biographies

Alexey V. Ermilov, Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 153040, Russia, Ivanovo, Stroiteley ave., 33

Educational and Scientific Complex «Firefighting», Chair of Fire Tactics and Fundamentals of Emergency Rescue and Other Urgent Work, Associate Professor; PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor

Sergey N. Nikishov, Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 153040, Russia, Ivanovo, Stroiteley ave., 33

Educational and Scientific Complex «Firefighting», Chair of Fire Tactics and Fundamentals of Emergency Rescue and Other Urgent Work, Head of Chair; PhD in Technical Sciences

Maxim O. Bakanov, Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Education «Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 153040, Russia, Ivanovo, Stroiteley ave., 33

Educational and Scientific Complex «Firefighting», Head of Educational and Scientific Complex; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

References

Bulgakov V.V. Formirovanie psikhologicheskoy ustoychivosti pozharnykh k negativnym usloviyam professional'noy deyatel'nosti [Formation of firefighters’ psychological stability to negative professional conditions]. Psychopedagogy in Law Enforcement, 2020. Vol. 25. No. 3(82). Pp. 246–253. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.24411/1999-6241-2020-13001. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/ROILEF.

Bulgakov V.V. Formirovanie professional'nykh umeniy i navykov, fizicheskikh i psikhologicheskikh kachestv pozharnykh [Formation of professional skills, physical and psychological qualities of firefighters]. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya pedagogika, 2019. Vol. 1, No. 3 (60). Pp. 105–120. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.24411/2224-0772-2019-10021. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/YLHVSO.

El'konin B.D. Sovremennost' teorii i praktiki uchebnoy deyatel'nosti: klyuchevye voprosy i perspektivy [Modern Era of the Theory and Practice of Learning Activity: Key Issues and Perspectives]. Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25. No. 4. Pp. 28–39. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.17759/pse.2020250403. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/KHQGXM.

Pronenko E.A., Bunyaeva M.V. Osobennosti smyslovykh protsessov i yavleniy v komandnom vzaimodeystvii [Characteristics of meaning processes and phenomena in team interaction]. Russian Psychological Journal, 2019. Vol. 16, No. 1. Pp. 32–51. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2019.1.2. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/JJKACJ.

Mardakhaev L.V. Pedagogika sredy zhiznedeyatel'nosti v social'nom formirovanii cheloveka [Pedagogy living environment in the social formation of man]. CITISE, 2016. No. 4 (8). (rus). EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/WNIDNF.

Mardakhaev L.V., Makarenko V.S. Sotsiokul'turnaya sreda voennogo vuza v formirovanii aktivnoy pozitsii zashchitnika otechestva [The Sociocultural Circle of the Military of Higher Education Institution in Formation of the Active Position of the Defender of the Fatherland]. Uchenye zapiski Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo sotsial'nogo universiteta, 2015. Vol. 14, No. 4 (131). Pp. 126–132. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.17922/2071-5323-2015-14-4-126-132. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/VAXGNL.

Shoygu Yu.S., Pyzh'yanova L.G. Prognozirovanie i upravlenie sotsial'no-psikhologicheskimi riskami vo vremya chrezvychaynoy situatsii [Forecasting and managing social and psychological risks during an emergency] Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2011. No 4. Pp. 76-83. (rus). EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/OQQWMJ.

Germatskaya E.I. Otsenka urovnya razvitiya otdel'nykh professional'no znachimykh psikhologicheskikh kachestv budushchikh spetsialistov ekstremal'nykh professiy [Evaluation of the development level of several professionally significant psychological qualities of future specialists in extreme professions] Journal of Civil Protection, 2020. Vol. 4, No. 4. Pp. 433–441. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2020.4-4.433. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/WBWPTY.

Bityutskaya E.V., Lebedeva N.A., Tsalikova Yu.R. Izmenenie ob"ema kratkovremennoy pamyati pod vliyaniem stressogennogo vozdeystviya u kursantov [Changes in the volume of cadets’ short-term memory under the influence of stress] Russian Psychological Journal, 2020. Vol. 17, No. 1. Pp. 27–43. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2020.1.3. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/DFKWEO.

Tikhonov M.M. Bordak S.S., Lyubivaya E.N., Ryabtsev V.N. Virtual'naya sreda kak sredstvo obucheniya v oblasti zashchity naseleniya i territoriy ot chrezvychaynykh situatsiy [Virtual environment as an instrunent of training in the field population protection from emergencies]. Journal of Civil Protection, 2018. Vol. 2, No. 1. Pp. 101–110. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2018.2-1.101. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/YSGWWU.

Ermilov A.V., Mardakhaev L.V., Volenko O.I. Vydelenie professional'no znachimyh kachestv bakalavra tekhnosfernoj bezopasnosti [Professionally Important Qualities of Bachelors in Technosphere Safety]. Russian Psychological Journal, 2020. Vol. 17, No. 2. Pp. 73–81. (rus). DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2020.2.5. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/STOVIV.

Povzik Ya.S., Klyuss P.P., Matveykin A.M. Pozharnaya taktika [Fire tactics]: textbook for fire-technical schools. Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1990. 335 p. (rus)

Matveykin A.M. Algoritm obucheniya [Learning algorithm]. Pozharnoe delo, 1989. No. 6. Pp. 36–37.

Evgrafov P.M., Evgrafov I.P. Psikhologicheskoe modelirovanie i veroyatnostnoe otsenivanie slozhnykh znaniy v oblasti pozharnoy bezopasnosti [Psychological modeling and probabilistic evaluation of complex knowledge in the field of fire safety]. Fire and Explosion Safety, 2006. – Vol. 15, No. 3. – Pp. 21–29. (rus). EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/HTVHUF.

Ermilov A.V. Model' formirovaniya professional'no znachimykh kachestv bakalavrov v vuzakh MChS Rossii [Model of Formation of Professionally Significant Qualities of Bachelors in Universities of EMERCOM of Russia]. Bulletin of Udmurt University. Series Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2018. Vol. 28, No. 3. Pp. 335–341. EDN: https://www.elibrary.ru/XYKKWD.

Downloads


Abstract views: 44
PDF Downloads: 18

Published

2022-08-12

How to Cite

Ermilov А. В., Nikishov С. Н. and Bakanov М. О. (2022) “Adaptation of the conditions of cadets’ educational activities in accordance with the peculiarities of professional functions of extinguishing fires ”, Journal of Civil Protection, 6(3), pp. 361–371. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2022.6-3.361.

Issue

Section

Training of specialists in the field of prevention & elimination of emergencies

Categories