Landslide processes and their effect on water reservoirs, lakes, ponds during severe earthquakes

Authors

  • Mashrap A. Akhmedov Institute of Seismic Stability of Structures of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan; ul. Durmon yuli, 31, Tashkent, 100125, Uzbekistan
  • Klara D. Salyamova Institute of Seismic Stability of Structures of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan; ul. Durmon yuli, 31, Tashkent, 100125, Uzbekistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-2.215

Keywords:

earthquake, landslides, avalanches, reservoir, hydro-technical structures, seismic intensity, rock mas

Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of the article is an assessment of the hazard and the causes of natural phenomena such as avalanches and landslides in the mountains during severe earthquakes occurred in the past in different countries of the world (United States, Peru, China, Italy, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan). The aim of this study is to assess the hazards and their consequences on hydro-technical structures.

Methods. Statistical data on the effect on hydro-technical structures of the consequences of natural disasters and severe earthquakes occurred in the world are analyzed. The factors of their initiation are given.

Findings. Cases when the earthquakes cause the damage of dams and large reservoirs of both man-made and natural origin, located in seismically active areas of the Central Asian region and their influence on the consequences (avalanches, landslides, displacement of rock masses), i.e. on the extent of the damage are given.

Application field of research. The obtained results should be considered in design, construction and operation of important structures in seismic regions in order to reduce the after-effects.

Conclusions. A number of recommendations for safe and reliable operation of hydro-technical structures in seismic regions are offered.

Author Biographies

Mashrap A. Akhmedov, Institute of Seismic Stability of Structures of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan; ul. Durmon yuli, 31, Tashkent, 100125, Uzbekistan

Senior Researcher; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences

Klara D. Salyamova, Institute of Seismic Stability of Structures of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan; ul. Durmon yuli, 31, Tashkent, 100125, Uzbekistan

Leading Researcher; Grand PhD in Technical Sciences

References

Akhmedov M.A. Zemletryasenie, posledstviya, zashchita. Tashkent.: TGTU, 2016. 352 p.

Makievskiy P., Mukhabatov H. Tadzhikistan: Sarezskoe ozero: geodinamicheskie, tekhnicheskie i sotsial'nye aspekty problemy. Tsentral'naya Aziya i Kavkaz, 1999. No. 2 (3). Pp. 187-195.

Kolobkov N.V. Katastroficheskie opolzni. Priroda, 1963. No. 12. Pp. 112-113.

Rysbekov Yu. Kh., Ozero Sarez kak potentsial'naya ugroza natsional'noy i regional'noy bezopasnosti. I.A. Karimov «Uzbekistan, ustremlennyy v XXI vek», Aktual'nye problemy zashchity naseleniya ot chrezvychaynykh situatsiy: materialy Pervoy Respublikanskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Tashkent. 1999. Pp. 29-31.

Dzhuraev A., TuychievI.A. Posledstviya sil'nykh zemletryaseniy i voprosy zashchity naseleniya I.A. Karimov «Uzbekistan, ustremlennyy v XXI vek», Aktual'nye problemy zashchity naseleniya ot chrezvychaynykh situatsiy: materialy Pervoy Respublikanskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. Tashkent. 1999. Pp. 59-61.

Gir Dzh., Shakh H. Zybkaya tverd'. Moscow: MIR.1988. 219 p.

Tekhnogennye katastrofy: Plotina Vayont, Italiya, 1963, available at: http://industrial-disasters.ru/disasters/vajont-dam/ (accessed: February 10, 2017) (rus)

Mjuller L. Opolzen' v doline Vajont. Problemy inzhenernoj geologii, 1967. No 4.

Akhmedov M.A., Salyamova K.Dzh. Analiz i otsenka povrezhdeniy gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy. Tashkent: Fan va tekhnologiya, 2016. 158 p.

Volna smerti: katastrofa na plotine Vayont, available at : https://realt.onliner.by/ 2015/04/22/vajont?clwjskumynkbjjzf (accessed: February 10, 2017) (rus)

Plotina Vayont 9 oktyabrya 1963 goda, available at : http://russos.livejournal.com/878767.html (accessed: February 10, 2017) (rus)

Rojahn C., Sharpe R.L. Earthquake damage evaluation data for California. Applied Tech-nology Council, Redwood City, California USA, 1985. V. 13. 492 p.

Roberts Е. Kogda sotryasaetsya zemlya. Moscow: MIR, 1966. Pp. 26-29.

Downloads


Abstract views: 141
PDF Downloads: 64

Published

2017-05-02

How to Cite

Akhmedov М. and Salyamova К. (2017) “Landslide processes and their effect on water reservoirs, lakes, ponds during severe earthquakes”, Journal of Civil Protection, 1(2), pp. 215–222. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-2.215.