Improvement of information systems on natural fires in Republic of Belarus and Russian Federation

Authors

  • Sergey L. Kravtsov State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1476-9553
  • Anastasiya K. Popova Matrosov Institute for System Dynamics and Control Theory of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; 664033, Russia, Irkutsk, Lermontova str., 134, PO Box 292 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6209-678X
  • Daria S. Markova State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6
  • Ekaterina V. Lepesevich State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6
  • Sergey V. Reshetnik State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2023.7-1.86

Keywords:

natural fires, information system, automation of calculations, quality of information, change in weather conditions

Abstract

Purpose. Achievement of a present-day level of information systems on natural fires (ISNF) of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation (both in terms of the degree of automation of calculations and the quality of the information provided) in situations of changing weather conditions.

Methods. A qualitatively new result is proposed to be obtained by introducing advanced technologies based on the processing of heterogeneous data (terrestrial, satellite, etc.) over a long period of time – the «big data» approach.

Findings. An analysis of currently functioning ISNFs was carried out which showed that the existing ISNFs of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation, based on those developed in the 50s. of XX century complex meteorological indicators and created separately from each other without unified vision of the system, carry out forecast monitoring of fire danger at a level insufficient for modern conditions significantly inferior to foreign analogues. Proposals are formulated to improve the ISNFs of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation in such a way that they are complex systems covering the full cycle of forecast monitoring of fire danger: from warning and preparation for natural fires to analysis of the damage caused by them. To make a comprehensive picture of fire danger taking into account the peculiarities of changed weather conditions, it is recommended to change the use of complex meteorological indicators of N.A. Dichenkov (adopted in Belarus) and V.G. Nesterov (adopted in Russian Federation) onto the Fire Weather Index (FWI). It will also allow to harmonize the fire hazard assessment on the territory of Republic of Belarus, Russian Federation and adjacent countries.

Application field of research. The above suggestions can be used to improve the ISNFs of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation.

Author Biographies

Sergey L. Kravtsov, State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6

Laboratory of Aerospace Monitoring, Head of Laboratory; PhD in Technical Sciences

Anastasiya K. Popova, Matrosov Institute for System Dynamics and Control Theory of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; 664033, Russia, Irkutsk, Lermontova str., 134, PO Box 292

Laboratory of Complex Information Systems, Senior Researcher; PhD in Technical Sciences

Daria S. Markova, State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6

Laboratory of Aerospace Monitoring, Trainee Junior Researcher

Ekaterina V. Lepesevich, State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6

Laboratory of Aerospace Monitoring, Junior Researcher

Sergey V. Reshetnik, State Scientific Institution «United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus»; 220012, Belarus, Minsk, Surganova str., 6

Laboratory of Aerospace Monitoring, Chief Designer of Project

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Published

2023-02-21

How to Cite

Kravtsov С. Л., Popova А. К., Markova Д. С., Lepesevich Е. В. and Reshetnik С. В. (2023) “Improvement of information systems on natural fires in Republic of Belarus and Russian Federation”, Journal of Civil Protection, 7(1), pp. 86–110. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2023.7-1.86.