Increasing of the occupational safety of firefighter-rescuer

Authors

  • Ol'ga O. Smilovenko State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1612-9573
  • Irina G. Kurlovich Gomel city emergency department; ulitsa 3-ya Aviatsionnaya,21, Gomel, 246028, Belarus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-4.459

Keywords:

risks of the fireman profession, remote extinguishing, fire robots, automation of works, liquidation of emergency situations, disassembly of blockage, transportation of cargo, beam gripping device

Abstract

Purpose. The methods increasing occupational safety of firefighters-rescuers are considered.

Methods. The hazards facing firefighters-rescuers during the elimination of emergency situations are considered. It is shown that a significant increase in the safety of a rescuer can be achieved usisng fire robots. A brief overview of automatic and automated remote-controlled fire extinguishing systems for various purposes is presented.

Findings. As firefighters perform operations related not only to fighting fires, but also to the elimination of the consequences of natural and man-made emergencies (for example, dismantling of blockages), a controlled remote-automated complex for transporting large-sized elements of destroyed buildings and structures is proposed. The design of the self-gripping cargo hook is developed, which allows to exclude the presence of rescuers in the area of blockages and to prevent the danger associated with their sudden collapse.

Application field of research. The developed automated complex for disassembling blockages and transporting large fragments of destroyed buildings can be put into service by emergency departments.

Conclusions. Taking into account the fact of a possible repeated collapse or displacement of the structures, it becomes necessary to use the gripping and loading equipment, which provides the capture of debris and their movement aside or loading into vehicles. Automation of rescue operations contributes to the preservation of life and health of rescuers.

Author Biographies

Ol'ga O. Smilovenko, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus

Chair of Industrial Safety, Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Irina G. Kurlovich, Gomel city emergency department; ulitsa 3-ya Aviatsionnaya,21, Gomel, 246028, Belarus

Supervision and prevention inspection, Inspector

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Published

2017-10-26

How to Cite

Smilovenko О. and Kurlovich И. (2017) “Increasing of the occupational safety of firefighter-rescuer”, Journal of Civil Protection, 1(4), pp. 459–467. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2017.1-4.459.