System analysis of the factors influencing cross-country ability of emergency-rescue vehicle

Authors

  • Igor' N. Goncharov The Establishment «Scientific Research Institute of Fire Safety and Emergencies» of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Soltysa, 183a, Minsk, 220050, Belarus
  • Ol'ga O. Smilovenko State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1612-9573

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2019.3-1.46

Keywords:

emergency-rescue vehicle, cross-country ability of emergency-rescue vehicle, system analysis of the factors, coupling of tire with a road, device of increase of cross-country ability

Abstract

Purpose. The research aim is an increase of cross-country ability of an emergency-rescue vehicle.

Methods. The system analysis of the factors influencing basic cross-country ability of fire rescue vehicles is executed.

Findings. Wheel lugs are among the most effective methods for overcoming of icing or snowbound areas. In the presence of lugs on tires, the influence of many of analyzed factors is reduced or eliminated. The ratio of forces in the contact patch, which occurs when the wheel moves, changes dramatically, ensures the grip of the tires with the road, and the vehicle’s cross-country ability increases. The drawbacks of the existing lugs have been revealed: the impossibility of instantaneous installation in case of reducing of tire adhesion and the risk of slipping; and the inefficiency of the preset mounting.

Application field of research. The use of research results will allow minimizing delays associated with overcoming areas with an uncertain road surface and difficult weather conditions when the rescue vehicle moves to the accident site.

Conclusions. A semi-automatic device for improving cross-country ability is under development, which will enable and disable the lugs by pressing a button from the driver’s cab, depending on driving conditions.

Author Biographies

Igor' N. Goncharov, The Establishment «Scientific Research Institute of Fire Safety and Emergencies» of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; ul. Soltysa, 183a, Minsk, 220050, Belarus

Senior Researcher

Ol'ga O. Smilovenko, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; ul. Mashinostroiteley, 25, Minsk, 220118, Belarus

Chair of Industrial Safety, Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

References

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Published

2019-02-25

How to Cite

Goncharov И. and Smilovenko О. (2019) “System analysis of the factors influencing cross-country ability of emergency-rescue vehicle”, Journal of Civil Protection, 3(1), pp. 46–52. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2019.3-1.46.