Increasing the thermomechanical properties of sheet glasses for the purpose of creation of fire-resistant light-transparent enclosures of high buildings

Authors

  • Viktor A. Biryuk State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3110-9557
  • Maksim A. Davydik State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9451-9513
  • Aleksandr P. Kravchuk Belarusian State Technological University; 220006, Belarus, Minsk, Sverdlova str., 13A https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6951-0717

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-3.311

Keywords:

fire safety, translucent structures, fire resistance, heat resistance, chemical hardening

Abstract

Purpose. Investigation of the thermomechanical properties of sheet glass used for translucent enclosing structures with the development of measures to increase the level of fire safety of high-rise buildings.

Methods. To solve the set tasks, theoretical and experimental research methods are used. The theoretical method is based on solving the problems of the thermal regime of solids and analyzing the criteria for the destruction of translucent structures in a fire. The experimental method is based on the identification of the relationship between the parameters of the fire and the criteria for the destruction of the translucent facade on the fire floor and upper lying floors.

Findings. The review of the state of the problem in the field of fire safety of high-rise buildings with facade glazing is carried out. It is established that the currently used translucent enclosing structures are made mainly of multilayer or tempered glass, which causes an increased load on the foundation, high cost and does not always preserve the integrity of the structure in the event of a fire. Experimental studies of the hardening of sheet glass of different denominations by chemical quenching were carried out, the possibility of using this method to create fireproof glasses was evaluated.

Application field of research. Fire safety in construction, translucent building envelopes.

Author Biographies

Viktor A. Biryuk, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Industrial Safety, Head of Chair; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Maksim A. Davydik, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Industrial Safety, Adjunct

Aleksandr P. Kravchuk, Belarusian State Technological University; 220006, Belarus, Minsk, Sverdlova str., 13A

Chair of Glass and Ceramics Technology, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

References

Kaziev M.M., Podgrushnyi A.V., Dudunov A.V. Razrushenie svetoprozrachnykh stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy pri teplovom vozdeystvii v usloviyakh pozhara [Destruction of translucent building structures during heat exposure in fire]. Fire and emergencies: prevention, elimination, 2009. No. 2. Pp. 5–10. (rus)

Liu W., Lian Z., Deng Q., Liu Y. Evaluation of calculation methods of mean skin temperature for use in thermal comfort study. Building and Environment, 2011. Vol. 46, Iss. 2. Pp. 478–488. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.08.011.

Dudunov A.V. Pozharoustoychivost' svetoprozrachnogo zapolneniya okonnykh stroitel'nykh konstruktsiy [Fire resistance of translucent window building structure]: PhD tech. sci. diss.: 05.26.03. Moscow, 2010. 128 p. (rus)

Sviatkin G.K. Raschetnaya model' razrusheniya ostekleniya pri teplovom vozdeystvii pozhara [Computational model of the destruction of glazing under the thermal effect of a fire]. Fire and Explosion Safety, 1993. No 4. Pp. 54–57. (rus)

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Published

2021-08-13

How to Cite

Biryuk, V. A., Davydik, M. A. and Kravchuk, A. P. (2021) “Increasing the thermomechanical properties of sheet glasses for the purpose of creation of fire-resistant light-transparent enclosures of high buildings”, Journal of Civil Protection, 5(3), pp. 311–320. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-3.311.