Monte Carlo modeling of X-ray procedure for estimating radiation doses to patients
Keywords:modeling, X-ray set, TASMIP model, reference ICRP phantom, dose of exposure
Purpose. The paper is devoted to Monte Carlo modeling of diagnostic X-ray procedure in order to estimate radiation doses to patients.
Methods. The Monte Carlo method implemented in the MCNP was used to simulate the interaction of X-ray radiation with different media. The TASMIP model was used for generating spectra of an X-ray tube with tungsten anode.
Findings. Mathematical model of X-ray unit including TASMIP was developed and verified. The values of the X-ray tube radiation yield were calculated using the Monte Carlo method. The ICRP voxel phantoms were adapted for modeling of X-ray examinations. The algorithm of estimating radiation doses to patients was implemented.
Application field of research. The created software product can be used for dosimetric assessments of radiodiagnostic procedures in treatment and prevention institutions.
Conclusions. The developed algorithm for assessing the radiation doses to patient's organs and tissues gives realistic results and should be used to prepare the set of dosimetric characteristics for the atlas of standard X-ray diagnostic procedures and for preparing interpolation models for on-line patient dose assessments.
Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. UNSCEAR 2008. Report to the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes. United Nations Publication, 2010. Vol. 1. 220 p.
Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiation Protection from 2008. Radiation protection in medicine. Publication 105 of the ICRP. St. Petersburg, 2011. 66 p. (rus)
International Basic Safety Standards for Protection from Ionizing Radiation and for the Safe Management of Radiation Sources. Series of editions on safety №115. IAEA, Vienna. 1997. 113 p. (rus)
Hygienic standard «Criteria for the assessment of radiation exposure». Approved by Decree of MH RB. December 28, 2012. No. 213. (rus)
Sanitary norms and rules «Requirements for radiation safety». Approved by Decree of MH RB. December 28, 2012 No. 213. (rus)
WinODS (2009) «Download page», available at: http://www.rti.se/download/software/index.html (accessed: June 8 2009).
Tapiovaara M., Siiskonen T. PCXMC. A Monte Carlo program for calculating patient doses in medical x-ray examinations. STUK-A231. Helsinki 2008. 49 p.
Kramer R., Khoury H.J., Vieira J.W. CALDose_X – a soft-ware tool for assessment of organ and tissue absorbed doses, effective dose and cancer risks in diagnostic radiology. Phys. Med. Biol. 2008. Vol. 53. P. 6437-6459.
Chan-Hyeong Kim, Sang Hyun Cho, X. George Xu PRDC–A software package for personnel radiation dose calculation. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 2006. Vol. 118, No. 3. Pp. 243–250.
Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiation Protection from 2007. Publication 103 ICRP. Moscow, Alana, 2009. 343 p. (rus)
Boone J.M., Seibert J.A. An accurate method for computer-generating tungsten anode X-ray spectra from 30 to 140 keV. Med. Phys., 1997. Vol. 24, No. 1. Pp. 1661-1670.
Briesmeister J. F. MCNP-A General Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code, Version 4B2. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Laboratory. 1997. 736 p.
Adult Reference Computational Phantoms. ICRP Publication 110. Ann. ICRP. International Commission on Radiological Protection. 2009. 165 p.
Basic Anatomical and Physiological Data for Use in Radiological Protection: Reference Values. ICRP Publication 89. Ann. ICRP. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Pergamon Press, 2002. 265 p.
Kishkovskiy A.N., Tyutin L.A., Esinovskaya G.N. Atlas of sets for X-ray studies. L.: Medicina, 1987. 520 p. (rus)
Control of effective radiation doses to patients during medical X-ray examinations: Methodological guidelines. MU 126.96.36.19944-11. Approved Chap. State San. Doctor of the Russian Federation G.G. Onishhenko on July 19, 2011. (rus)
Abstract views: 161 PDF Downloads: 140
How to Cite
LicenseCopyright (c) 2017 Makarevich K.O., Minenko V.F., Khrushchinskiy A.A.
CC «Attribution-NonCommercial» («Атрибуция — Некоммерческое использование») 4.0