Application of the method of multi-criterial synthesis in solving problems to ensure fire safety

Authors

  • Ol'ga O. Smilovenko State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1612-9573
  • Valentina V. Bogdanova Research Institute for Physical Chemical Problems of the Belarusian State University; 220006, Belarus, Minsk, Leningradskaya str., 14 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8557-9925
  • Sergey M. Malashenko Research Institute of Fire Safety and Emergencies of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; 220046, Belarus, Minsk, Soltysa str., 183a
  • Aleksandr I. Poluyan Joint Institute of Mechanical Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Akademicheskaya str., 12
  • Fuad O. Mirgulamly Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Azerbaijan; AZ1073, Azerbaijan, Baku, M. Mushviga str., 501

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-3.366

Keywords:

parameter space, LP-sequence, fire retardant and fire extinguishing agent, sub-layer extinguishing method, concrete saw, modified set, territorial risk

Abstract

Purpose. Increasing the efficiency of scientific research and solving applied problems in the field of fire safety by introducing a computational computer experiment – the method of multi-criteria synthesis to reduce the time, material and labor costs for the experiment and provide correct systemic interpretation of test results.

Methods. To solve the problems of fire safety, the method of multi-criteria synthesis was applied. It makes it possi-ble to predict the behavior of the system, taking into account the stochasticity of its parameters and the choice of rational characteristics that provide the required output parameters. The search for the optimal set of parameters of a technical object involves the determination of the calculated values of the criteria by the values of the calculated points, which are located in the multidimensional space of variable parameters. In this case, the space of parameters is transformed into the space of criteria, taking into ac-count the accepted restrictions.

Findings. The article provides examples of the application of the method of multi-criteria synthesis in solving problems of ensuring fire safety. The formulation of a fire retardant and fire extinguishing composition based on synthetic phosphates of bivalent and trivalent ammonium metals, being highly effective in impact on peat and wood, was determined. The using of an optimization-simulation approach made it possible to predict the time of extinguishing a fire in a tank and to select the optimal parameters of extinguishing by supply of low expansion foam directly into the fuel layer. On the basis of multi-criteria computer synthesis, the concentration of the modifying additive in the set of diamond segments and the cutting conditions for the tool during emergency rescue operations was determined. The way of assessing the aggregate territorial risk by the method of statistical modeling was developed which created a framework for risk management, including legal, economic regulation and compulsory insurance.

Application field of research. The presented research results are aimed at improving the fire safety of various objects.

Author Biographies

Ol'ga O. Smilovenko, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Industrial Safety, Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Valentina V. Bogdanova, Research Institute for Physical Chemical Problems of the Belarusian State University; 220006, Belarus, Minsk, Leningradskaya str., 14

Laboratory of Fire Extinguishing Materials, Head of Laboratory; Grand PhD in Chemical Sciences, Professor

Sergey M. Malashenko, Research Institute of Fire Safety and Emergencies of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; 220046, Belarus, Minsk, Soltysa str., 183a

Department of Scientific and Technical Information and Marketing, Head of Department

Aleksandr I. Poluyan, Joint Institute of Mechanical Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus; 220072, Belarus, Minsk, Akademicheskaya str., 12

Laboratory of Nanostructured and Superhard Materials, Senior Researcher

Fuad O. Mirgulamly, Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Azerbaijan; AZ1073, Azerbaijan, Baku, M. Mushviga str., 501

Crisis Management Center, Senior Officer

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Published

2021-08-13

How to Cite

Smilovenko, O. O., Bogdanova, V. V., Malashenko, S. M., Poluyan, A. I. and Mirgulamly, F. O. (2021) “Application of the method of multi-criterial synthesis in solving problems to ensure fire safety”, Journal of Civil Protection, 5(3), pp. 366–379. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-3.366.