Experimental model of the simulator with imitation of the effects of physical impacts in virtual reality for the training of firefighters

Authors

  • Ivan I. Palevoda State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2469-3553
  • Vitaliy N. Ryabtsev State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2830-591X
  • Aleksey O. Likhomanov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9374-1486
  • Oleg D. Navrotskiy State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4137-2519
  • Aleksandr V. Grachulin Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; 220030, Belarus, Minsk, Revolyutsionnaya str., 5 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3832-8258
  • Dmitriy V. Gapanyuk Belarusian State Technological University; 220006, Belarus, Minsk, Sverdlova str., 13A https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6792-7896
  • Artem A. Morozov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8079-2578
  • Vasiliy M. Klimovtsov Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Vocational Training «The State Fire Academy of the Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 129366, Russia, Moscow, Borisa Galushkina str., 4 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3705-3128
  • Georgiy V. Vinyarskiy State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4962-7763
  • Kirill E. Shinkorenko State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4946-9339
  • Igor' S. Gusarov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0665-8212
  • Il'ya V. Bobarika State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9229-3730

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2022.6-3.339

Keywords:

virtual reality, augmented reality, simulator, simulation of physical impacts, emergency rescue operations, firefighter, rescuer, VR suit, VR headset, VR helmet

Abstract

Purpose. To develop an experimental model of a simulator for the training of firefighters, including software and elements of simulating the effects of physical impacts on students in virtual reality conditions, as well as to investigate the effect of tactile feedback effects on students.

Methods. The general methodology of the work included the use of theoretical research methods (analysis, synthesis, comparison). The impact of tactile feedback effects on students was determined by measuring their heart rate in the randomized study with two parallel groups.

Findings. Based on the analysis of the experience of using virtual and augmented reality technologies in educational activities, the purpose, composition, structure and functions of the experimental model of the simulator with imitation of the effects of physical impacts in virtual reality for the training of firefighters (EMS) are formulated. EMS includes VR headset (to control the simulation and transmit visual and sound effects), VR suit (to provide tactile feedback by the electrical stimulation of neuromuscular structures) and original software. It allows students to be immersed in a virtual environment that simulates conditions of the emergency situation (fire in an apartment building) and the impact of dangerous factors on them. Using EMS, the influence of tactile feedback effects on students was studied. It is shown that the use of EMS makes it possible to reduce the number of mistakes made by students when extinguishing a fire in an apartment building in a virtual simulation by 2.5 to 4.0 times compared to using virtual reality technologies without applying tactile feedback effects.

Application field of research. The results of the work can be used to create a simulator with imitation of the effects of physical impacts in virtual reality in order to use it in the educational process for the training of firefighters.

Author Biographies

Ivan I. Palevoda, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Head of University; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Vitaliy N. Ryabtsev, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Head of Chair; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Aleksey O. Likhomanov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences

Oleg D. Navrotskiy, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Aleksandr V. Grachulin, Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; 220030, Belarus, Minsk, Revolyutsionnaya str., 5

Head of Department; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Dmitriy V. Gapanyuk, Belarusian State Technological University; 220006, Belarus, Minsk, Sverdlova str., 13A

Vice-rector for Educational Work; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

Artem A. Morozov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Emergency Elimination, Senior Lecturer

Vasiliy M. Klimovtsov, Federal State Budget Educational Establishment of Higher Vocational Training «The State Fire Academy of the Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters»; 129366, Russia, Moscow, Borisa Galushkina str., 4

Educational and Scientific Complex of Fire and Rescue Equipment, Head of Complex; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Georgiy V. Vinyarskiy, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Emergency Elimination, Senior Lecturer

Kirill E. Shinkorenko, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Lecturer

Igor' S. Gusarov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Faculty of Emergency Prevention and Elimination, Cadet

Il'ya V. Bobarika, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Faculty of Emergency Prevention and Elimination, Cadet

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Published

2022-08-12

How to Cite

Palevoda И. И., Ryabtsev В. Н., Likhomanov А. О., Navrotskiy О. Д., Grachulin А. В., Gapanyuk Д. В., Morozov А. А., Klimovtsov В. М., Vinyarskiy Г. В., Shinkorenko К. Е., Gusarov И. С. and Bobarika И. В. (2022) “Experimental model of the simulator with imitation of the effects of physical impacts in virtual reality for the training of firefighters”, Journal of Civil Protection, 6(3), pp. 339–360. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2022.6-3.339.

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Training of specialists in the field of prevention & elimination of emergencies

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