Experimental model of the simulator with imitation of the effects of physical impacts in virtual reality for the training of firefighters
Keywords:virtual reality, augmented reality, simulator, simulation of physical impacts, emergency rescue operations, firefighter, rescuer, VR suit, VR headset, VR helmet
Purpose. To develop an experimental model of a simulator for the training of firefighters, including software and elements of simulating the effects of physical impacts on students in virtual reality conditions, as well as to investigate the effect of tactile feedback effects on students.
Methods. The general methodology of the work included the use of theoretical research methods (analysis, synthesis, comparison). The impact of tactile feedback effects on students was determined by measuring their heart rate in the randomized study with two parallel groups.
Findings. Based on the analysis of the experience of using virtual and augmented reality technologies in educational activities, the purpose, composition, structure and functions of the experimental model of the simulator with imitation of the effects of physical impacts in virtual reality for the training of firefighters (EMS) are formulated. EMS includes VR headset (to control the simulation and transmit visual and sound effects), VR suit (to provide tactile feedback by the electrical stimulation of neuromuscular structures) and original software. It allows students to be immersed in a virtual environment that simulates conditions of the emergency situation (fire in an apartment building) and the impact of dangerous factors on them. Using EMS, the influence of tactile feedback effects on students was studied. It is shown that the use of EMS makes it possible to reduce the number of mistakes made by students when extinguishing a fire in an apartment building in a virtual simulation by 2.5 to 4.0 times compared to using virtual reality technologies without applying tactile feedback effects.
Application field of research. The results of the work can be used to create a simulator with imitation of the effects of physical impacts in virtual reality in order to use it in the educational process for the training of firefighters.
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