Preparation of actions of civil defense on the basis of risk analysis
Keywords:civil defense, civil protection, emergency situations, military attacks, military hazards, risk, weapon of destruction, risk analysis
Purpose. The paper is devoted to the preparation of actions of civil defense on the basis of risk analysis.
Methods. Induction, deduction, analysis and synthesis methods were used. Theoretical approaches of the research are investigations in the sphere of general theory of risk. Empirical basis of the research are the laws of the Republic of Belarus and other documents concerning civil protection.
Findings. Protection of the population from the threats of the perils in wartime under modern conditions is an essential part of safety. None of the States are completely protected from disaster, and public administration in such cases has its own specifics, which involves timeliness and responsiveness. In the article the concepts of military operations and military hazards concerning civil defense are specified. Probable adverse effects which can result from application of weapons of destruction are characterized. The risks arising when conducting military operations or in result of these actions are defined, and also the approaches to their assessment are analyzed.
Application field of research. Further researches in this area will allow distributing differentially the available resources of forces and means of civil protection, planning sufficient and economically adaptive actions of civil protection, and will promote the decrease in risk level, economic damage, harm for life and human health, and also harm to the environment.
Conclusions. The analysis of the modern military conflicts is carried out, dangers which arise are determined when conducting military operations, the analysis of approaches according to their risks is carried out. The obtained quantitative indices can be used for the assessment of risks arising when conducting military operations or in result of these actions. They can be used for planning of rescue and other urgent works necessary for preparation of actions of civil protection.
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