Civil defense regional governing bodies: goals, functions and tasks
Keywords:civil defense, civil protection, emergency situations, military attacks, military hazards, governing bodies, headquarters of civil defense
Purpose. This article is devoted to the definition of functions and tasks assigned to the bodies of civil defense at the local level.
Methods. Induction, deduction, analysis and synthesis methods were used. Theoretical approaches of the research are investigations in the sphere of general theory of management. Empirical basis of the research are the laws of the Republic of Belarus and other documents concerning civil protection.
Findings. At the district level, to ensure the management of civil defense activities, interaction with other elements of the organization of the state and the operational solution of rescue tasks, it is necessary to form a single governing body – the headquarters of the civil defense. The headquarters of the Civil Defense Authority will allow combining organizational and managerial structures with practical experience in managing emergency response forces and eliminating duplication of management functions.
Application field of research. Further researches in this area will allow reasonable distributing of available resources of forces and means of civil protection, planning sufficient and economically adaptive actions of civil protection, and will promote the decrease in risk level, economic damage, harm for life and human health, and also harm to the environment.
Conclusions. The functions and the tasks of headquarters of civil defense have been defined. That will allow improving their organizational structure, to determine necessary services and officials entering into their composition. The headquarters of civil defense will give the possibility to consolidate the organizational and administrative structures having practical experience of management of forces of elimination of emergency in peace time and to exclude duplication of administrative functions.
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