Normative regulation of water objects safety

Authors

  • Sergey M. Pastukhov Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; 220030, Belarus, Minsk, Revolyutsionnaya str., 5 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1437-1913
  • Khikmet S. Osmanov Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Azerbaijan; AZ1073, Azerbaijan, Baku, M. Mushviga str., 501
  • Dmitriy S. Mikanovich State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3560-1741

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-1.104

Keywords:

safety of hydraulic structures, risk of emergencies, dam, dike, monitoring, safety criteria, hydrodynamic accident

Abstract

Purpose. To analyze the normative regulation of the safety of hydraulic structures (reservoirs, sludge storage facilities, reservoirs for technical purposes) in the countries of Central Asia in order to determine the legal framework for organizing their safe operation. To substantiate the main directions of improving the system of ensuring safety and reliability of hydraulic structures of the pressure front.

Methods. The method of theoretical analysis of references was applied in assessing the regulatory and legal framework of the Central Asian countries in the field of ensuring safety of hydraulic structures of various types. The processing of the obtained results is carried out using the method of estimation and theoretical generalization of the data obtained.

Findings. It has been established that the regulation of relations in the field of safe operation of hydro-technical structures in the countries of Central Asia is carried out on the basis of general legislation on water management, energy and ecology. These legislative acts define the legal framework for organizing the safe operation of various types of hydraulic structures, however, there are no mechanisms (methods) to assess the risk of emergencies at the structures of the pressure front (reservoirs, sludge storage facilities, technical reservoirs) taking into account all the features (locations, methods of regulation, granulometric composition of soils, chemical composition of the filtering fluid). Thus, an urgent task is to develop a methodology for assessing the risk of hydrodynamic accidents at the pressure front structures, taking into account their distinctive features.

Application field of research. The research results can be used for a comprehensive assessment of the state of hydraulic structures by the Ministry of Natural Resources, as well as the Ministry of Emergency Situations in the development of medium and long-term forecasts of emergencies.

Author Biographies

Sergey M. Pastukhov, Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus; 220030, Belarus, Minsk, Revolyutsionnaya str., 5

Department of Science and Innovation Development, Head of Department; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Khikmet S. Osmanov, Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Azerbaijan; AZ1073, Azerbaijan, Baku, M. Mushviga str., 501

Main Department of Personnel Policy, Head of Department

Dmitriy S. Mikanovich, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Emergency Management, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences

References

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Khalilov T.A., Iskenderov M.Ya. Otsenka ekomeliorativnogo sostoyaniya zemel' Sharurskogo i Sadarakskogo rayonov Nakhichevanskoy AR [Estimation of eco-ameliorative condition of the lands in Sharur and Sadarak districts in Nakhchivan AR]. Nauchnye trudy AzNIIGiM. Baku, 2008. Vol. XXVIII. Pp. 175–180. (rus)

Pastukhov S.M. Otsenka riska vozniknoveniya chrezvychaynykh situatsiy na gidrouzlakh Respubliki Belarus', raspolozhennykh v kaskadakh [Assessment of the risk of emergencies at hydro-units of the Republic of Belarus located in cascades]. PhD technical sci. diss.: 09.05.11. Minsk, 2011. 132 р. (rus)

Mikanovich D.S. Prognozirovanie vozniknoveniya chrezvychaynykh situatsiy na gruntovykh podpornykh sooruzheniyakh shlamokhranilishch Respubliki Belarus' [Forecasting the occurrence of emergency situations at ground retaining structures of sludge storage facilities of the Republic of Belarus]. PhD technical sci. diss.: 20.05.20. Minsk, 2020. 214 р. (rus)

Regional'naya informatsionnaya baza vodnogo sektora Tsentral'noy Azii [Regional information base of the water sector in Central Asia]: report (inform). Tashkent, 2011. 97 p. (rus)

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Published

2021-02-23

How to Cite

Pastukhov С. М., Osmanov Х. С. and Mikanovich Д. С. (2021) “Normative regulation of water objects safety”, Journal of Civil Protection, 5(1), pp. 104–112. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-1.104.

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