Determination of emergencies probability at hydraulic structures

Authors

  • Valeriy V. Kobyak State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25
  • Dmitriy S. Mikanovich State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3560-1741
  • Mark M. Zhurov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5228-7371

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-3.343

Keywords:

safety of hydraulic structures, risk of emergencies, dam, dike, monitoring, safety criteria, hydrodynamic accident

Abstract

Purpose. Analyze the methods for determining the risk of hydrodynamic accidents on hydraulic structures of various types (reservoirs, sludge storage, technical reservoirs, etc.). Substantiate the main directions for improving the system of ensuring the safety and reliability of hydraulic structures.

Methods. The method of theoretical analysis of literary sources was applied in assessing the regulatory and legal framework of the Central Asian countries in the field of ensuring the safety of hydraulic structures of various types. The processing of the obtained results is carried out using the method of estimation and theoretical generalization of the data obtained.

Findings. It has been established that the existing methods for assessing the risk of emergencies at hydraulic structures of various types (reservoirs, sludge storage, technical reservoirs, etc.) are complex, cumbersome and laborious to use due to the lack, inaccuracy and uncertainty of the initial data. In this regard, it is required to develop a methodology for assessing the risk of emergencies at hydraulic structures, taking into account their design features.

Application field of research. The research results can be used for a comprehensive assessment of the state of hydraulic structures of the Ministry of Natural Resources, as well as the Ministry of Emergency Situations in the development of medium and long-term forecasts of emergencies.

Author Biographies

Valeriy V. Kobyak, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Emergency Elimination, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Dmitriy S. Mikanovich, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Emergency Management, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences

Mark M. Zhurov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Combustion and Explosion Processes, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences

References

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Rozanov N.S., Tsarev A.I., Mikhaylov L.P., Sokolov I.B. Avarii i povrezhdeniya plotin [Accident and damage of dams]. Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1986. 126 p. (rus)

Zoteev V.G., Shakhov I.S., Morozov M.G., Prikhod'ko M.A. Methodological principles for risk assessing at small-capacity reservoirs. Power Technology and Engineering, 2003. No. 5. Pp. 290–296. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1023/B:HYCO.0000009795.94800.70.

Volkov V.I., Dobrovol'skiy E.V. Analiz rezul'tatov otsenki riska avariy gidrotekhnicheskikh sooruzheniy, poluchennykh po razlichnym metodikam [Analysis of the results of the assessment of the risk of accidents of hydraulic structures obtained by various methods]. Prirodoobustroystvo, 2015. No. 2. Pp. 39–44. (rus)

Fell R. Estimating the Probability of Failure of Embankment Dams under Normal Operating Conditions: Repair and Upgrading of Dams: Symposium in Stockholm. Stockholm, 1996. Pp. 567–576.

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Published

2021-08-13

How to Cite

Kobyak, V. V., Mikanovich, D. S. and Zhurov, M. M. (2021) “Determination of emergencies probability at hydraulic structures”, Journal of Civil Protection, 5(3), pp. 343–351. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2021.5-3.343.