Optimization of the geometry of the flow path of nozzles for the manual firefighting barrel SPRU-50/0.7 to form a compact jet of fire extinguishing agent

Authors

  • Vitaliy N. Ryabtsev State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2830-591X
  • Aleksey O. Likhomanov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9374-1486
  • Oleg D. Navrotskiy State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4137-2519
  • Artem A. Morozov State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8079-2578
  • Andrey N. Kamlyuk State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9347-0778
  • Aleksandr V. Il'yushonok State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7523-4483
  • Igor A. Goncharenko State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8063-8068
  • Oleg V. Shkinder State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25 https://orcid.org/0009-0003-2022-3615

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33408/2519-237X.2023.7-4.370

Keywords:

firefighting barrel, nozzle, flow path, compact jet, modeling of fluid movement, flow rate, jet range

Abstract

Purpose. To develop experimental samples of removable series-connected nozzles with an outlet diameter of 19 (type A) and 13 mm (type B) for the SPRU-50/0.7 manual firefighting barrel and optimize the geometry of its flow path in terms of the range of the compact jet of fire extinguishing agent at a given flow rate. To evaluate the compliance of experimental samples with the requirements of safety standards STB 11.13.14.

Methods. The general methodology of the work included the use of theoretical research methods (analysis, synthesis, comparison). The calculation of the geometric parameters of the flow path of the nozzles was carried out by numerical modeling in Ansys software using the finite element method. The range and flow rate of a compact jet of fire extinguishing agent were determined experimentally using the test method described in STB 11.13.14.

Findings. When numerically modeling the flow path of nozzles to the SPRU-50/0.7 manual firefighting barrel, it was established that to ensure the highest speed and conserve the energy of the water jet at a given pressure (0.45 MPa), inlet (40 mm) and outlet (13 mm) diameters, the flow path should gradually narrow along its entire length without cylindrical sections, and the length of the path should not exceed 200 mm. The range of the compact jet and water flow rate were experimentally determined for six developed sets of experimental samples of nozzles of various geometries. All samples provide the standard compact jet range and water flow in accordance with STB 11.13.14. It has also been established that for each unit of water flow, the greatest range of a compact jet is achieved when using: a set consisting of series-connected nozzles of type A and B with a conoidal flow path 50 mm long each – to ensure a flow rate of at least 2.7 l/s with an outlet diameter 13 mm; nozzle type A with a conical flow path 100 mm long – to ensure a flow rate of at least 7.4 l/s with an outlet diameter of 19 mm. At the same time, it is shown that instead of a set of conoidal nozzles 50 mm long, in practice it is advisable to use conical analogues of the same length due to the insignificant difference between the indicator “compact jet range/water flow rate” (about 3 %).

Application field of research. Development and optimization of nozzles for firefighting barrels to supply a compact jet.

Author Biographies

Vitaliy N. Ryabtsev, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Head of the Chair; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Aleksey O. Likhomanov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Oleg D. Navrotskiy, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Automatic System Security, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Artem A. Morozov, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Emergency Elimination, Associate Professor; PhD in Technical Sciences

Andrey N. Kamlyuk, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Deputy Chief of the University on Scientific and Innovative Activity; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

Aleksandr V. Il'yushonok, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Natural Sciences, Head of the Chair; PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor

Igor A. Goncharenko, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Chair of Natural Sciences, Professor; Grand PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor

Oleg V. Shkinder, State Educational Establishment «University of Сivil Protection of the Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus»; 220118, Belarus, Minsk, Mashinostroiteley str., 25

Administration Training Faculty, graduate student

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Published

2023-11-23

How to Cite

Ryabtsev В. Н., Likhomanov А. О., Navrotskiy О. Д., Morozov А. А., Kamlyuk А. Н., Il’yushonok А. В., Goncharenko И. А. and Shkinder О. В. (2023) “Optimization of the geometry of the flow path of nozzles for the manual firefighting barrel SPRU-50/0.7 to form a compact jet of fire extinguishing agent”, Journal of Civil Protection, 7(4), pp. 370–387. doi: 10.33408/2519-237X.2023.7-4.370.

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